Cardiac manifestations of cutaneous disorders
A number of cutaneous disorders encountered by the dermatologist have overlapping cardiac pathology. In recent years, many genetic linkages common to pathological processes in the cutaneous and cardiovascular systems have been identified. This review will describe primary cutaneous disorders with potential cardiac manifestations, including congenital syndromes, inherited cutaneous disorders associated with later cardiovascular disease, and syndromes associated with early cardiovascular pathology. The dermatologist may be the first to diagnose cutaneous findings associated with underlying cardiovascular disease; therefore, it is of prime importance for the dermatologist to be aware of these associations and to direct the appropriate workup.