Cardiac manifestations of cutaneous disorders

ArticleinJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology 68(1) · August 2012with9 Reads
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2012.06.016 · Source: PubMed
A number of cutaneous disorders encountered by the dermatologist have overlapping cardiac pathology. In recent years, many genetic linkages common to pathological processes in the cutaneous and cardiovascular systems have been identified. This review will describe primary cutaneous disorders with potential cardiac manifestations, including congenital syndromes, inherited cutaneous disorders associated with later cardiovascular disease, and syndromes associated with early cardiovascular pathology. The dermatologist may be the first to diagnose cutaneous findings associated with underlying cardiovascular disease; therefore, it is of prime importance for the dermatologist to be aware of these associations and to direct the appropriate workup.
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  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Woolly hair is an uncommon condition among non-black people, which may be an isolated finding or associated with additional clinical symptoms. When woolly hair is accompanied by palmoplantar keratoderma, it may herald a deadly cardiomyopathy, and therefore this condition should alert the physician for a heart disorder. Until recently, the underlying causes for this rare phenotype were obscure, and only three genes were associated with this condition. However, in recent years, many more genes were found to underlie this disorder, uncovering new molecular pathways. Better knowledge of the different mechanisms that control the curliness of hair may offer new treatment options for this condition, and may also make it possible to affect hair texture in general. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to
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