Who Participates in Chronic Disease Self-management (CDSM) Programs? Differences Between Participants and Nonparticipants in a Population of Multimorbid Older Adults

*Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health †Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine ‡Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine §Johns Hopkins Community Physicians, Baltimore, MD.
Medical care (Impact Factor: 3.23). 08/2012; 50(12). DOI: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e318268abe7
Source: PubMed


BACKGROUND:: Self-care management is recognized as a key component of care for multimorbid older adults; however, the characteristics of those most likely to participate in Chronic Disease Self-Management (CDSM) programs and strategies to maximize participation in such programs are unknown. OBJECTIVES:: To identify individual factors associated with attending CDSM programs in a sample of multimorbid older adults. RESEARCH DESIGN:: Participants in the intervention arm of a matched-pair cluster-randomized controlled trial of the Guided Care model were invited to attend a 6-session CDSM course. Logistic regression was used to identify factors independently associated with attendance. SUBJECTS:: All subjects (N=241) were aged 65 years or older, were at high risk for health care utilization, and were not homebound. MEASURES:: Baseline information on demographics, health status, health activities, and quality of care was available for CDSM participants and nonparticipants. Participation was defined as attendance at 5 or more CDSM sessions. RESULTS:: A total of 22.8% of multimorbid older adults who were invited to CDSM courses participated in 5 or more sessions. Having better physical health (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]=2.3 [1.1-4.8]) and rating one's physician poorly on support for patient activation (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]=2.8 [1.3-6.0]) were independently associated with attendance. CONCLUSIONS:: Multimorbid older adults who are in better physical health and who are dissatisfied with their physicians' support for patient activation are more likely to participate in CDSM courses.

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