Personality and Social Psychology Factors Explaining Sexism

Journal of Individual Differences (Impact Factor: 1.22). 01/2011; 32(3):153-160. DOI: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000043


Previous research has almost exclusively examined sexism (negative attitudes toward women) from either a personality or a social-psychology perspective. In two studies (N = 379 and 182, respectively), we combine these perspectives and examine whether sexism is best explained by personality (Big-Five factors, social dominance orientation, and right-wing authoritarianism) or by social-psychological (group membership and group identification) variables – or by a combination of both approaches. Causal modeling and multiple regression analyses showed that, with the present set of variables, sexism was best explained by considering the combined influence of both personality-and social-psychology constructs. The findings imply that it is necessary to integrate various approaches to explain prejudice.

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