Analysis of chatter marks damage on the Yankee dryer surface of a tissue machine

Center for Industrial Diagnostics, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Engineering Failure Analysis (Impact Factor: 1.03). 04/2012; 23(23):44-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2012.02.003


a b s t r a c t A tissue machine suffering from Yankee chatter marks has been experimentally investi-gated. A series of vibration measurements during normal operation at various Yankee speeds on both the creping and the cleaning blade holders have been carried out. The anal-ysis in a frequency range up to 20 kHz has permitted to identify speed dependent fre-quency peaks and broadband high frequency vibration content on the creping zone. Hence, an experimental modal analysis of the creping blade and holder has been carried out with the machine stopped to identify its natural frequencies. As a result, resonance conditions have been identified due to the gearbox excitation originated by the meshing process. The study of the corresponding mode shapes has permitted to understand the vibration behavior and its relationship with the damage. To solve the problem, the creping blade holder structure has been redesigned to detune the resonances. Since this overhaul, comparable measurements have confirmed a significant reduction of vibrations and high frequency noise. The appearance of chatter marks has been minimized.

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    • "The issue of vibration with chatter marks in machining processes has elicited a considerable amount of concern in the past few decades. Many studies focused on vibration with chatter marks as part of metal cutting tool performance [3] [5] [14] and on the mechanism of chatter mark forming. Traditional vibration-based analysis methods for chatter marks involve spectrum and waveform analyses. "
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