Modern Treatment of Paraesophageal Hernia: Preoperative Evaluation and Technique for Laparoscopic Repair

Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques (Impact Factor: 1.14). 08/2012; 22(4):297-303. DOI: 10.1097/SLE.0b013e31825831af
Source: PubMed


This article reviews the preoperative evaluation of patients with paraesophageal hernia (PEH) and details the principles and components of a laparoscopic PEH repair. Complete hernia sac dissection and excision, adequate esophageal mobilization, reapproximation of the crura, and creation of an antireflux barrier make up the key steps in any repair and are described. Although the preferred operative approach to PEH has undergone significant modification, especially since the introduction of minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques, many controversies still exist. The decision of whether to use mesh to reinforce the crural closure remains an unresolved issue in the surgical literature, and further evolution in this and other areas of PEH surgery is sure to occur in the near future.

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