Validation of recall of body weight over a 26-year period in cohort members of the Adventist Health Study 2

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA.
Annals of epidemiology (Impact Factor: 2). 08/2012; 22(10):744-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.06.106
Source: PubMed


The validity of recall of past body weight has been measured and tends to be high; however, the paucity of validation data for recall in older age is noteworthy given the need for accounting for age and disease-related weight change in prospective studies.
The Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) is a prospective, questionnaire-based study (n = 96,710) that enrolled a cohort from 2002 through 2007 to investigate the role of lifestyle exposures (diet, physical activity, anthropometrics) and health on outcomes such as cancer and mortality.
The mean difference between current weight reported 26 years earlier in AHS-1 and recall of past body weight in AHS-2 was only 0.67 kg, indicating underestimation in the recall of past body weight from ages 30 to 70 years.
Misclassification is differential across both age and adiposity, and this tendency needs to be incorporated into the interpretation of weight history and health outcome literature.

Download full-text


Available from: Pramil Singh
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a group of 46,000 North-American Adventist women aged 40 and above, we investigated the relationships between body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) at age 20 and the proportion of women who reported at least one miscarriage, periods with irregular menstruation or failing to become pregnant even if trying for more than one straight year. Approximately 31, 14 and 17 %, respectively, reported the three different problems related to reproduction. Positive age- and marital status adjusted relationships were found between BMI at age 20 and periods with irregular menstruation or failing to become pregnant even if trying for more than 1 year, but not with the risk of miscarriages. Women with BMI ≥ 32.5 kg/m2 when aged 20 had approximately 2.0 (95 % CI: 1.6, 2.4) and 1.5 (95 % CI: 1.3, 1.9) higher odds for irregular periods or failing to get pregnant, respectively, than women with BMI in the 20–24.9 kg/m2 bracket. These relationships were consistently found in a number of strata of the population, including the large proportion of the women who never had smoked or never used alcohol. Underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) when aged 20 marginally (approximately 15 %) increased the risk of failing to get pregnant within a year. Thus, obesity at age 20 increases the risk of reporting some specific reproductive problems, but not the risk of miscarriages. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10654-012-9749-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · European Journal of Epidemiology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Some epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory studies suggest that underweight and obesity impact fertility. Methods: This is cross-sectional study of 33,159 North American Adventist women, who were nulliparous at age 20 years and who, as a group, have a healthy lifestyle. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess how body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) at age 20 was related to never becoming pregnant, never giving birth to a living child, or not giving birth to a second or third child. Results: A total of 4954 (15%) of the women reported never becoming pregnant (nulligravidity) and 7461 (23%) women remained nulliparous. Underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m(2)) at age 20 was associated with approximately 13% increased risk of nulligravidity or nulliparity. Women with BMI≥32.5 kg/m(2) when aged 20 had 2.5 (95% CI: 2.0, 3.1) times increased odds of nulliparity compared to women with BMI 20-24.9 kg/m(2). Increased risk was found for all groups of overweight women (BMI≥25 kg/m(2)). However, if the women gave birth to one live child after age 20, BMI≥32.5 kg/m(2) at age 20 had less impact (OR 1.6 [95% CI: 1.2, 2.2]) on the likelihood of not delivering a second child. In women who delivered two living children, obesity at age 20 had no bearing on the odds of having a third child. Conclusions: Obesity and, to a lesser extent, underweight at age 20 increases the nulliparity rate. The results underscore the importance of a healthy weight in young women.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Journal of Women's Health
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Weight gain increases the prevalence of obesity, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, unintentional weight loss can be a harbinger of health problems. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (1987-2009) included 15,792 US adults aged 45-64 years at baseline and was used to compare associations of long-term (30 years) and short-term (3 years) weight change with the risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke. Age-, gender-, and race-standardized incidence rates were 4.9 (95% confidence interval (CI): 4.6, 5.2) per 1,000 person-years for CHD and 2.5 (95% CI: 2.3, 2.8) per 1,000 person-years for stroke. After controlling for baseline body mass index and other covariates, long-term weight gain (since age 25 years) of more than 2.7% was associated with elevated CHD risk, and any long-term weight gain was associated with increased stroke risk. Among middle-aged adults, short-term (3-year) weight loss of more than 3% was associated with elevated immediate CHD risk (hazard ratio = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.18, 1.81) and stroke risk (hazard ratio = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.92). Risk tended to be larger in adults whose weight loss did not occur through dieting. Avoidance of weight gain between early and middle adulthood can reduce risks of CHD and stroke, but short-term, unintentional weight loss in middle adulthood may be an indicator of immediate elevated risk that has not previously been well recognized.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · American journal of epidemiology
Show more