The species richness of fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Agaonidae, Pteromalidae) in Yemen

Fauna of Arabia 01/2006; 22(8000):449-472.


A b s t r a c t : Twenty-eight species of chalcid wasps associated with figs were recorded from Yemen during a survey of arthropods using light traps and Malaise traps, conducted during 1991-1993 and 1998-2002. Blastophaga psenes (Linnaeus, 1758), Ceratosolen galili Wiebes, 1964, Platyscapa soraria Wiebes, 1980, Platyscapa awekei Wiebes, 1977, Eukoebelea sycomori Wiebes, 1968, Apocrypta longitarsus (Mayr, 1906), Sycophaga sycomori (Linnaeus, 1758) and Camarothorax mutabilis Vincent & Compton, 1992 are newly recorded from Yemen. Nigeriella scindura van Noort n. sp. and Philocaenus arrujumensis van Noort n. sp. are described. A key to the species of the Afrotropical genus Nigeriella Wiebes, 1974 is provided, and an addendum to the existing key to species of Philo-caenus Grandi, 1952 is given. The new species of Nigeriella is likely to be the pollinator of Ficus populifolia Vahl. A check list of fig tree species occurring in Yemen is presented, and this includes a list of the predicted associated fig wasp fauna for each Ficus species based on collections made elsewhere in the Afrotropical and Oriental regions. About 60 species of fig wasp are estimated to occur in Yemen, of which approximately 40 % are undescribed. Seventeen (including the two new species) of the possible 34 described species of fig wasp are now known from Yemen.

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    • "Because it was introduced without its pollinator wasps, the fi gs dropped while still small and dry. Various studies have been conducted on F. microcarpa and its fi g wasps in the countries where this plant has been introduced (Wiebes, 1980; Bouček, 1993; Bradsley, 1998; Chen et al., 1999; Van Noort and Harten, 2006). Th e study was conducted in Hatay Province for obtaining the fi g wasps in syconia of F. carica and F. microcarpa in 2011. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study focuses on fig wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), considering that only 2 fig wasp species, Blastophaga psenes (L.) and Philotrypesis caricae (L.) (new record) are associated with Ficus carica in Turkey. Five fig wasps species, namely Eupristina verticillata Waterston, Walkerella microcarpae Boucek, Odontofroggatia ishii Wiebes, Philotrypesis taiwanensis Chen, and Philotrypesis emeryi Grandi were found on Ficus microcarpa (L.), which is an Asian fig tree, and has been ornamentally cultivated in Turkey since the 1930s. Among them, E. verticillata was detected as a specific pollinator of E microcarpa, the rest of the species were not pollinators, and all of them are new records for Turkey. The results suggest that the time of influx of these wasps into Turkey is unknown, but it can be assumed that they came together with E microcarpa when it was brought from somewhere in the world during the period before the Hatay Republic. Distribution, biology, and systematic notes of each species are all given.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Turkish Journal of Zoology
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    ABSTRACT: A b s t r a c t : A total of 5 species of fig wasps from 5 genera including, Blastophaga, Elisabethiella (Agaonidae), and Apocrypta, Sycophaga, Apocryptophagus (Pteromalidae) are recorded from Iran. Among the collected fig wasps, Apocryptophagus gigas (MAYR) is a new record for the Iranian fauna. K e y w o r d s : Fig wasp, Agaonidae, Pteromalidae, Ficus, Iran.
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