Swiss Children Consuming Breakfast Regularly Have Better Motor Functional Skills and Are Less Overweight Than Breakfast Skippers

ArticleinJournal of the American College of Nutrition 31(2):87-93 · April 2012with64 Reads
DOI: 10.1080/07315724.2012.10720013 · Source: PubMed
The aim of this study was to examine the associations among eating behavior, body mass index (BMI), and motor functional skills in Swiss elementary school children. In total, 656 schoolchildren, aged 7 to 10 years, participated in the study. Five different, normalized, and standardized motor function tests (sidewise jumping, tapping, standing long jump, 20-m sprint, and shuttle run) that determine the coordinative and conditional skills were carried out with each child at 1 of 4 time points (8, 9, 10, or 11 am) along with anthropometric measurements. Furthermore, all children completed a nutrition survey including different questions on their eating habits with emphasis on breakfast and the morning snack at school. Children consuming breakfast almost every day had a significantly (p < 0.05) lower BMI (16.7 ± 2.2 kg/m2) compared with children eating breakfast only sometimes or almost never (18.2 ± 3.0 kg/m2 and 18.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2, respectively). They also reached better scores in 3 of the 5 motor function tests (standing long jump, 20-m sprint, and shuttle run, p < 0.05). Furthermore, overweight and obese children reached poorer results in 4 disciplines of the motor functional tests (sidewise jumping, standing long jump, 20-m sprint, and shuttle run) than normal-weight children, and they tended to eat lunch and dinner more frequently in front of the TV or in their rooms (p < 0.05). In multiple regression analysis, BMI was a significant predictor of the results for sprint, sidewise jumping, standing long jump, and shuttle run, whereas daytime, breakfast frequency, and gender predicted only some of the outcomes. This study clearly underlines the importance of breakfast for school-aged children: Children eating breakfast almost every day had better motor functional skills and a lower BMI than children not regularly eating breakfast. The study further hints at the importance of generally healthy nutritional habits with regard to both motor functional skills and healthy weight status.
    • "Greater TV, computer, video game and other media exposure time in children is increasing and is associated with adverse health outcomes such as becoming overweight [49] . A range of indicators of sedentary lifestyle, such as TV watching, especially during the meals, and the presence of a TV in the child's bedroom , has been reported to be associated with overweight and obesity [35, 40,505152. Time spent at the computer or TV during the week in this study was used as a proxy for physical inactivity, but there was no association between time spent at the computer or TV and being overweight/obese. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Until recently increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among pediatric population in Europe and worldwide contributes to major well-known risks for metabolic consequences in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Lithuania and assess its association with energy balance related behaviors as well as familial demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods Cross-sectional study included 3990 7–17 years old schoolchildren from 40 schools of Kaunas region, Lithuania. Study participants underwent anthropometric measurements. Body mass index (BMI) was evaluated according to International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria for children and adolescents. Children and adolescents and their parents filled in the questionnaires on parental sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, TV watching time, and family socioeconomic status. Results The prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obesity among boys and girls was 6.9 and 11.7 % (P < 0.05), 12.6 and 12.6 % (P > 0.05), and 4.9 and 3.4 % (P < 0.05), respectively. Obesity was significantly more prevalent in the 7–9 years old group (6.7 and 4.8 % in boys and girls, respectively, P < 0.05). Lower meals frequency and breakfast skipping were directly associated with overweight/obesity (P < 0.05); however, physical inactivity was not associated with higher BMI. Children‘s overweight/obesity was directly associated with lower paternal education and unemployment (OR 1.30, P = 0.013 and OR 1.56, P = 0.003, respectively). Conclusions The prevalence of overweight and obesity among 7–17 years old Lithuanian children and adolescents was more prevalent in younger age, still being one of the lowest across the European countries. Meals frequency, breakfast skipping, paternal education and unemployment as well as a family history of arterial hypertension were found to be associated with children’s and adolescents’ overweight/obesity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
    • "Several studies have identified a possible role for breakfast consumption in maintaining normal weight status in children and adolescents, which may have important public health implications [3]. Indeed, many cross-sectional studies have well documented a relationship between skipping breakfast and higher body mass index (BMI) [5,6,15,1718192021222324252627282930, whereas breakfast eating has been shown to be associated with a lower BMI [2,313233. It is well known that food behaviors and food choices established in childhood or adolescence may significantly track into adulthood [2,34]. "
    Article · May 2015
    • "Tidak banyak penelitian yang dilakukan tentang makan pagi pada orang dewasa, terutama pada dosen. Penelitian yang dilakukan pada anakanak sekolah menunjukkan bahwa mereka yang makan pagi secara teratur setiap hari sebelum berangkat sekolah mempunyai fungsi motorik yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan yang tidak teratur makan pagi (Baldinger et al., 2012). Makan pagi berkorelasi positif dengan prestasi belajar, seperti: keterampilan dan memori dalam belajar yang lebih baik, serta angka absensi di kelas (Cueto, 2001). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: dengan istirahat maupun tidur. Kurang tidur (sleepiness) telah menjadi fokus masalah dalam isu kesehatan kerja. Namun, penelitian kelelahan kerja pada dosen masih sangat terbatas dan belum menjadi perhatian. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan kebiasaan makan pagi, lama waktu tidur dengan kelelahan kerja. Metode. Desain cross sectional digunakan dalam penelitian dan sebanyak 77 partisipan berasal dari 2 sekolah tinggi ilmu kesehatan swasta di Jawa Barat. Makan pagi dan lama waktu tidur per hari (variabel bebas) diukur menggunakan kuesioner. Kelelahan kerja (variabel terikat) diukur menggunakan reaction timer yang dilakukan selama 3 hari dalam 1 minggu. Kelelahan kerja merupakan rerata waktu reaksi dari hasil pengukuran. Hasil. Rerata waktu tidur 6,12±0,670 jam, sebanyak 52(67,5%) dosen mempunyai kebiasaan makan pagi. Rerata waktu reaksi 233,83±46,64 milidetik. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji korelasi didapatkan tingkat kelelahan berkorelasi negatif dengan kebiasaan makan pagi (p=0,000; r=-0,472) dan waktu tidur (p=0.000; r=-0,459). Kesimpulan. Kelelahan kerja dosen disebabkan kurang tidur dan intake kalori yang dibutuhkan untuk beraktivitas. Untuk mengatasi kelelahan kerja perlu peningkatan kesadaran dan pengetahuan dosen tentang keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja terutama kebiasaan makan dan waktu istirahat yang baik dan sehat agar menjadi budaya kerja.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · BMC Public Health
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