Article

Incidental cystic endocrine tumor of the pancreas: A case report with immunohistochemical study

Department of Pathology, Smt. Kashibai Medical College and General Hospital, Narhe, Pune - 410041, India.
Journal of cancer research and therapeutics (Impact Factor: 0.79). 04/2012; 8(2):289-91. DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.98992
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

A large cystic lesion in the pancreatic tail was found incidentally in a 20-year-old female during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Pre-operative work up had revealed calculi in gall bladder and in addition, a cystic lesion in pancreas suggesting the possibility of a pseudocyst. A laparoscopic enucleation of the cyst was performed along with the removal of gallbladder. Microscopic examination of the resected specimen revealed a pancreatic cystic endocrine tumor; however, this tumor had produced no symptoms. Immunohistochemical studies of the tumor cells showed positivity for neuron-specific enolase, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin indicating their neuroendocrine nature. Prognostic markers (CK19, CD10 and Ki67) indicated good prognosis. Although endocrine tumors of the pancreas are usually solid, cystic change occurs only rarely and such tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients who have a cystic lesion in the pancreas in view of their rare transformation into a malignant tumor.

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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: Pancreatic cystic lesions have a broad spectrum of differential diagnosis. There is an ongoing demand to identify specific and sensitive cystic fluid markers for the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cysts. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of cystic fluid chromogranin A (CgA) in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cysts. Materials and methods: Patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided aspiration for pancreatic cysts were included in the study. Cytopathological analysis and biochemical analysis, including cystic fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), amylase, Ca 19-9, and CgA, were performed. Results: Fifty-three patients were included in the study. The final diagnosis of patients was 14 pancreatic pseudocysts, 10 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), 8 mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN), 8 serous cystadenomas (SCAs), 2 cystic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs), and 11 others. The mean CgA levels were 50.51±130.04 ng/mL in pseudocysts, 12.38±8.59 in MCN, and 13.76±10.90 in cystic PNET. There was only one patient with a very high cystic fluid CgA (515.49 ng/mL) and was diagnosed as pseudocyst developed in chronic pancreatitis patient. Two patients with cystic PNET had normal levels of cystic fluid CgA. Conclusion: Cystic fluid CgA is not a useful marker for the differential diagnosis of cystic PNETs. It also has no value in the differential diagnosis of other pancreatic cysts.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015