Hepatic Vein Stenosis Developed During Living Donor Hepatectomy and Corrected with Peritoneal Patch Technique: A Case Report

Department of Surgery and Liver Transplantation Institute, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.
Transplantation Proceedings (Impact Factor: 0.98). 07/2012; 44(6):1754-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2012.05.034
Source: PubMed


An 18-year-old male living donor for his father with end-stage liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis B underwent an extended right lobe donor hepatectomy. The middle hepatic vein was visualised on the cut surface of the graft and dissected up to the confluence of the middle and left hepatic veins. After vascular clamping, right and middle hepatic veins were cut to removed the graft. While starting the stump closure, the clamp over the middle hepatic vein slipped and the vein stump sutured quickly under suboptimal exposure. Soon after this closure, the remnant liver showed increasing congestion. Intraoperative Doppler ultrasound revealed obstruction of venous outflow at the remnant left liver due to stenosis in the left hepatic vein. Under total hepatic vascular occlusion, the sutures were removed from the narrowed left hepatic vein. A 2 × 2 cm peritoneal patch from the subcostal area that was prepared to close the defect was sutured to the edges of the left hepatic vein defect. Venous congestion of the liver disappeared when the clamps were removed. Intraoperative Doppler ultrasound confirmed normal hepatic venous flow. The postoperative course of the donor was uneventful. There was no clinical, biochemical, or radiological problems at 47 months of follow-up. An autogenous peritoneal patch may be a good option to repair vascular defects, which are not suitable for primary sutures, due to easy accessibility and size adjustment, cost effectiveness, as well as relatively low risk of infection and thrombosis. Close dissection of the left hepatic vein during parenchymal transection over the middle hepatic vein can result in narrowing, particularly at the bifurcation of the middle/left hepatic veins that can cause congestion in the remnant liver. When we include the middle hepatic vein with the right graft, we now believe that dissection away from the left hepatic vein seems much more secure for donors.

6 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Drainage of segments V and VIII venous tributaries usually is mandatory to avoid congestion of the anterior segment of right lobe during a living-donor liver transplant. Extension of the venous tributaries to the vena cava can be done with several vascular materials. Here, we describe using an 8 × 3 cm vascular patch from the peritoneum over the venous conduit (which had become kinked) that drained segments V and VIII veins. Peritoneal reconstruction worked well during the early postoperative period and avoided congestion of the right anterior liver segment. During the late postoperative period, the conduit became occluded as do other grafts used to extend tributaries; however, the collaterals that developed prevented congestion of the anterior liver segment. Using part of the peritoneum as a venous graft during living-donor liver transplant can be a good alternative to the other vascular grafting options. Peritoneal grafting provides temporary drainage of the liver lobe, prevents congestion of the anterior section, and saves time creating venous collaterals.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Experimental and clinical transplantation: official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Integration of hepatic vein tributaries with a diameter ≥5 mm into the drainage system in right-lobe living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is of vital importance for graft function. Recently, the most commonly emphasized hepatic venous reconstruction model is the all-in-one reconstruction model. In the final stage of this model that aims to form a common large opening, allogeneic vascular grafts are almost always used to construct a circumferential fence. To date, no other study has reported the use of polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron) vascular graft as a circumferential fence in LDLT. We aimed to present the 1st 4 cases of circumferential fences created with Dacron vascular graft. Four right-lobe grafts weighing 522-1,040 g were used. A polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft was used for the integration of segment 5 vein and segment 8 vein into the drainage model, whereas a Dacron graft was used to creating a circumferential fence. The patency of hepatic outflow evaluated with the use of multidetector computerized tomography at postoperative day 7. Venous outflow obstruction was not detected in any cases. This study suggested that owing to its flexible structure the polyethylene terephthalate vascular graft can be an alternative to allogeneic vascular grafts in forming circumferential fence. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Transplantation Proceedings
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancers frequently invade the portomesenteric veins. Venous resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy with curative intent is more common now than it was in the past. Most venous resections can be repaired primarily, but some require vascular grafts. Here, we describe the use of an autologous parietal peritoneum graft instead of vascular grafts for repairing a superior mesenteric vein (SMV) defect. Pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with en bloc resection of the SMV lateral wall was performed in a 70-year-old woman with cancer of the pancreatic head. The SMV defect was 2 cm long and its width was half the SMV circumference. The defect was covered with a 3 × 2 cm parietal autologous peritoneum graft obtained from the left subcostal area and using running 6/0 polypropylene suture. Tension-free patching was performed, and we retained slight bulging of the graft. Her postoperative course was uneventful. She was discharged on Day 11 after computed tomography confirmed the patency of the SMV, despite slight narrowing. She was well after 10 months of follow-up. Autologous parietal peritoneum grafts can be used for repairing partial venous defects during pancreaticoduodenectomy. They are effective and are easy, fast, and cheap to obtain.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015