Prepregnancy maternal body mass index and preterm delivery
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of maternal prepregnancy body mass index on preterm delivery (PTD), controlling for health and lifestyle variables.
Prospective data were from 83,544 pregnancies in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. PTD was divided into early PTD (22 + 0 to 31 + 6 weeks' gestation) and late PTD (32 + 0 to 36 + 6 weeks' gestation).
The overall prevalence of PTD was 5.1%. Increased body mass index was associated with an increased risk of PTD; adjusted odds ratio (aOR) ranged from 1.11 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.20) for preobesity to 2.00 (95% CI, 1.48-2.71) for grade-III obesity in the group that included all PTD subgroups. Grade-III obese women had an increased risk of both early and late PTD: aOR, 3.24 (95% CI, 1.71-6.14) and 1.81 (95% CI, 1.29-2.54), respectively.
Prepregnancy maternal overweight increases the risk of both early and late PTD.
Available from: Louise C Kenny
- "Maternal body mass index (BMI), calculated as the weight (kg) divided by the height (m 2 ), is hypothesized to play a significant role in the aetiology of preterm birth. Evidence suggests that a low pre-pregnancy weight is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth (Zhong, 2010). Al-Eissa, & Ba'Aqeel, 1994 carried out a case control study in Saudi, to determine the risk factors that were associated with preterm birth. "
Available from: Bo Jacobsson
Available from: S.A. Reijneveld
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ABSTRACT: : To estimate the association between pre-existing maternal and pregnancy-related factors and developmental delay in early childhood in moderately preterm-born children.
: We measured development with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire at age 43-49 months in 834 moderately preterm-born (between 32 0/7 and 35 6/7 weeks of gestation) children born in 2002-2003. We obtained data on preexisting maternal, maternal pregnancy-related, fetal, and delivery-related factors. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and attributable risks for developmental delay adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle variables.
: Attributable risk for developmental delay for small-for-gestational-age (SGA, as a proxy for intrauterine growth restriction [IUGR]) was 14.2% (SGA 21.9%, no SGA 7.7%, P<.05, adjusted OR 2.75, CI 1.25-6.08), for preexisting maternal obesity 10.5% (obesity 18.0%, no obesity 7.5%, P<.01, adjusted OR 2.73, CI 1.35-5.52), for multiple pregnancy 4.2% (multiple 12.0%, singleton 7.8%, P<.05, adjusted OR 1.86, CI 1.02-3.42), and for male sex 9.3% (male 13.0%, female 3.8%, P<.001, adjusted OR 4.20, CI 2.09-8.46). No other preexisting or pregnancy-related maternal factors or any delivery-related factors were associated with increased risk of developmental delay.
: Of all preexisting maternal and pregnancy-related factors studied, SGA, maternal prepregnancy obesity, being one of a multiple, and male sex were associated with the risk of developmental delay in early childhood after moderately preterm birth. Reinforced focus on prevention of IUGR, preconception lifestyle interventions aiming at weight reduction in fertile women, and reinforced efforts to reduce rates of multiple pregnancies in assisted reproduction may all contribute toward more favorable developmental outcomes in moderately preterm-born children.
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