Mycalamides, Pederin and Psymberin as Natural Carbohydrates and Potential Antitumor Agents: Past and Future Perspectives
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nesbitt School of Pharmacy, Wilkes University, Wilkes-Barre, 84 W. South Street, Pennsylvania, 18766, U.S.A.Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.9). 06/2012; 12(14). DOI: 10.2174/138955712803832744
The mycalamide class of potent antiviral and antitumor natural compounds originally isolated from marine sponges in 1988 is a new interdisciplinary approach to molecular recognition. We review new synthetic approaches to this new family of natural products with remarkable biological activity. Some biological evaluation data are compiled and compared to other structurally similar molecular targets.
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ABSTRACT: The synthesis of a putative biosynthetic precursor of psymberin including a formal synthesis of the natural product is described. The key step towards the densely functionalized tetrahydropyran core was an enantioselective catalytic Mukaiyama aldol reaction using a titanium(IV)-BINOL catalyst system. syn-Selective reduction followed by ozonolysis led to a rapid assembly of the tetrahydropyran ring. This flexible approach also allows the synthesis of similar fragments of other complex molecules such as bryostatins and pederins. The syn-selective coupling between the tetrahydropyran and the aromatic aldehyde was achieved using a boron-mediated aldol reaction which was followed by further transformations to complete the synthesis of the precursor as well as the formal synthesis of the natural product.
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ABSTRACT: Psymberin is a marine natural product which has attracted a great deal of interest since its isolation: While the highly cytotoxic compound was detected early on as an ingredient in a marine sponge, it took over a decade and 600 additional samples for the structure to eventually be assigned. In the last eight years fascinating synthetic and biosynthetic investigations have led to a more detailed understanding as well as a new starting point for structure-activity studies towards new antitumor compounds. The Review gives an in-depth insight into the progress in the field of the marine polyketide psymberin and demonstrates how organic synthesis is influencing neighboring scientific subjects.
Article: Marine Natural Products[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This review covers the literature published in 2012 for marine natural products, with 1035 citations (673 for the period January to December 2012) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1241 for 2012), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included.
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