Aleš Hrdlička, 1869–1943

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... Hrdlička wanted complete editorial control over the journal, and was unwilling to take any institutional support that infringed on that right. When he approached Milton J. Greenman, the Director of the Wistar Institute Press in Philadelphia, as a prospective publisher of the journal, they were unable to reach an agreement, probably because it would have meant Hrdlička's relinquishing some of his editorial control(Stewart, 1981). It is also likely that Wistar declined to support the establishment of the journal because the financial investment in a new journal was substantial. ...
In 1918, the first issue of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology was prepared and distributed by Aleš Hrdlička, the Curator of Physical Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. This was a singular act, both in the general and specific sense. It was the first journal of physical anthropology published in the United States, and it was a sole effort by Hrdlička, who was committed to promoting and recognizing physical anthropology as a new science in America. On this 100th anniversary of the founding of the journal, Hrdlička's efforts were successful: physical/biological anthropology is a strong and timely discipline that represents a major area of scientific research today.
... Of course, 1918 also represents the year in which Ale s Hrdlička launched the new American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Stewart, 1981). Although Stewart (1901Stewart ( -1997, the long-time assistant and colleague of Hrdlička, did not list forensic anthropology among his primary interests (Stewart, 1940), he did make substantial contributions (Ubelaker, 1999b(Ubelaker, , 1999c. ...
Forensic anthropology represents a dynamic and rapidly evolving complex discipline within anthropology and forensic science. Academic roots extend back to early European anatomists but development coalesced in the Americas through high-profile court testimony, assemblage of documented collections and focused research. Formation of the anthropology section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences in 1972, the American Board of Forensic Anthropology in 1977/1978 and other organizational advances provided important stimuli for progress. While early pioneers concentrated on analysis of skeletonized human remains, applications today have expanded to include complex methods of search and recovery, the biomechanics of trauma interpretation, isotopic analysis related to diet and region of origin, age estimation of the living and issues related to humanitarian and human rights investigations.
In this paper we present an overview of an increasingly global community of physical (biological) anthropologists as it pertains to the study of living human variation (human biology) and as it is represented in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA), focusing especially on the period of 2001–2007, when Clark Spencer Larsen served as editor in chief. The journal was founded by Aleš Hrdlička in order to provide professional identity of physical (biological) anthropology as practiced in the United States. By the mid-twentieth century, the journal editorship under T. Dale Stewart called for greater presence of international research collaboration and publication in AJPA. By 1960, international collaboration and non-U.S. authorship began to have significant presence in the journal, a pattern that has continued to the present. As in the pre-2000 period, although non-U.S. contributions cover all major topics in human biology, they tend to focus on population genetics and population history. For the period of 2001–2007, there is an increased presence of multinational collaborative research and non-U.S. authorship, a trend that will likely increase. The recent rise in non-U.S. submissions and authorship is due in large part to increased international collaboration and electronic access to the submission process.
The Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Origins of Physical AnthropologyTwentieth Century Beginnings and the Rise of ProfessionalismThe Science Matures: Post-World War IINew Journals and Professional SocietiesInto the Twenty-First Century: Contemporary Trends and ApproachesArchival and Published SourcesConclusions References
T. D. Stewart (1901-1997) published at least 394 works between the years 1929 and 1992. These include 118 reviews, 40 abstracts, 227 articles or book chapters, five edited volumes, and four books or monographs.
General program of the fifth New York meeting. held (For program of Section H see pp
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
Report of the Constitution Committee appointed by Dr. Trotter in 1955
  • WM Cobb
Paris on the Potomac: Ales Hrdlicka's vision of American physical anthropology
  • TD Stewart
  • F Spencer