Article

First record of Paramphistomum cervi in western kob (Kobus kob) at the Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria

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Article
Summary The genus Paramphistomum Fischoeder, 1901 is redefined and restricted and only the following species are retained and considered valid: P. cervi (Zeder, 1790) (type species); P. liorchis Fischoeder, 1901; P. gracile Fischoeder, 1901 P. epiclitum Fischoeder, 1904; P. gotoi Fukui, 1922, P. ichikawai Fukui, 1922; P. leydeni Näsmark, 1937 and P. hiberniae Willmott, 1950. These are redescribed and illustrated. A new species, Paramphistomum cephalophi is described and illustrated from the black-fronted duiker (Cephalophus nigrifrons) in Rwanda. It differs from the rest of the species in the genus by the presence of an anterior sphincter in the pharynx and the characteristic posterior notch of the acetabular rim. Scanning electron photomicrographs of the tegumental surfaces of the species in the genus are provided. Cotylophoron indicum Stiles & Goldberger, 1910 (=Paramphistomum thapari Price & McIntosh, 1953), C. madrasense Gupta, 1958, C. chauhani Gupta & Gupta, 1972, Paramphistomum indicum Stiles & Goldberger, 1910 (in part), P. malayi Lee & Lowe, 1971 and Srivastavaia indica Singh, 1970 are considered synonyms of Paramphistomum epiclitum Fischoeder, 1904. Paramphistomum indicum Stiles & Goldberger, 1910 (in part) and P. bombayiensis Gupta & Verma in Gupta & Nakhasi, 1977 are regarded as synonyms of Paramphistomum gracile Fischoeder, 1901. P. scotiae Willmott, 1950, P. julimarinorum Velázquez-Maldonado, 1976, P. nicabrasilorum Velázquez- Maldonado, 1976, P. procapri Wang, 1979 and Cotylophoron skrjabini Mitskevich, 1958 are considered synonyms of Paramphistomum leydeni Näsmark, 1937. Cotylophoron vigisi Davydova, 1963 is considered synonymous with Paramphistomum ichikawai Fukui, 1922. Paramphistomum birmense Railliet, 1924, P. microon Railliet, 1924, P. chinensis Hsu, 1935 and P. pseudocuonum Wang, 1979 are regarded as species inquirendae.The genera Liorchis Velichko, 1966 and Srivastavaia Singh, 1970 are synonymized with Paramphistomum Fischoeder, 1901.A key to the species of the genus is provided.
Article
Between 1978 to 1984 a total of 108 faecal droppings were examined from carnivorous, primates, arthiodactyla, rodentia, lagomorpha and proboscidae families of wild animal from Kainji Lake National Park. Results reveal the prevalence of Ascaridia, Strongyle, Fasciola, Ancylostoma and Trichuris ova species in order of abundance. Egg counts were highest amongst the arthiodactyla and during the rainy season. The season of the year, animal dispersion may be important in the epidemiology of gastrointestinal helminth.
Article
Paramphistomiasis is caused by massive infection of the small intestines of sheep, goats, cattle, and water buffalo and is characterized by sporadic epizootics of acute gastro-enteritis, which can cause high mortality, especially in young animals. This chapter discusses three paramphistomes—namely, Paramphistomum microbothrium, Paramphistomum ichikawai, and Cotylophoron cotylophorum. It describes their role in the aetiology of the disease. Findings concerning the other paramphistomes responsible for paramphistomiasis are also presented. Paramphistomiasis is caused by sexually immature worms; this adds to the difficulty of specific identifications. In cattle, paramphistomes grow larger, migrate more rapidly, mature sooner, live and produce eggs for a longer period, and survive migration in greater numbers than occurs in either sheep or goats. It is observed that previous infection in adult cattle can supply a degree of resistance to subsequent massive infections. Multiple infections in sheep often result in partial immunity, but the worms can excyst and attach in the small intestines, whereas in cattle subsequent infections are eliminated. Methods of control and treatment for paramphistomiasis are considered in the chapter.
Article
Between January and April 1983, the Borgu sector of the Kainji Lake National Park was visited and faecal droppings of several game animals belonging to the groups of Carnivora, Artiodactyla, Proboscidae and Primates were collected and processed for the presence of helminth ova and larvae. Faeces were also collected from the rectum of domestic ruminants which had grazed on the periphery of the park. Post mortem examinations were conducted on a baboon and an adult Monitor Lizard. Most of the game animals possessed multiple helminth infection but the egg-counts were generally low. Larvae of Haemonchus, Oesophagostomum and Trichostrongylus were common to wild and domestic ruminants while larvae of hook- and lungworms were mostly restricted to carnivores and primates. Some of the helminths found in the stomach and intestine of baboon during post-mortem were of public health interest.
Article
Faecal droppings from animals in the Borgu game reserve were examined between the months of January and March 1981. These animals included Buffalo, Hartebeest, Kob, Roan antelope, Genu cat, Mangoose, Warthog and Monkey. Haemonchus contortus was identified from the faeces of five buffalos, Oesophagostomum species was identified from one warthog while Strongyloides species was identified from two monkeys. No pathogenic bacteria was isolated in any of the faecal samples examined. The influence of weather on the infection rate is discussed.
A survey of parasitic infestation in the Serengeti Region in Northern Tanzania animals in Borgu Game Reserve in Nigeria
  • R Sachs
  • C Sachs
SACHS, R. & SACHS, C. (1968) A survey of parasitic infestation in the Serengeti Region in Northern Tanzania animals in Borgu Game Reserve in Nigeria. Int. J. Zoon. 9,6244. Inr. J. Zoon. 12, 152-155. and the Lake Rukwa Region in Southern Tanzania. Bull. Epiz. Dis. Afr. 16,455472.
152-155. and the Lake Rukwa Region in Southern Tanzania
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  • Zoon
Inr. J. Zoon. 12, 152-155. and the Lake Rukwa Region in Southern Tanzania. Bull. Epiz. Dis. Afr. 16,455472.
Gastrointestinal parasites and bacteria flora of wild OKAEME
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OGUNJI, F.O.. AKINBOADE. O.A. & DIPEOLU, 0.0. (1982) Gastrointestinal parasites and bacteria flora of wild OKAEME. A.N. (1985) Helminth egg count ofsome wild mammals in the Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria.
A Prcliniinury Survey of some Helminth Purusites of Game Animals in Kainji Luke Nutionul Purk
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CROCKETT, E.C. (1983) A Prcliniinury Survey of some Helminth Purusites of Game Animals in Kainji Luke Nutionul Purk. Borgu Sector. M.Sc. thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.