Design, Synthesis, and Cytotoxicity of Novel 3‐Arylidenones Derived from Alicyclic Ketones

Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
Chemical Biology & Drug Design (Impact Factor: 2.49). 09/2011; 78(4):700 - 708. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2011.01176.x


Forty-four novel chalcone-inspired analogs having a 3-aryl-2-propenoyl moiety derived from alicyclic ketones were designed, synthesized, and investigated for cytotoxicity against murine B16 and L1210 cancer cell lines. The analogs belong to four structurally divergent series, three of which (series g, h, and i) contain differently substituted cyclopentanone units and the fourth (series j) contains a 3,3-dimethyl-4-piperidinone moiety. Of these, the analogs in series j showed potential cytotoxic activity against murine B16 (melanoma) and L1210 (lymphoma) cells. The most active compounds 5j, 11j, 15j, and 12h produced IC(50) values from 4.4 to 15 μm against both cell lines. A single-crystal X-ray structure analysis and molecular modeling studies confirmed that these chalcones have an E-geometry about the alkene bond and possess a slightly 'twisted' conformation similar to that of combretastatin A-4. At a concentration of 30 μm, compounds 5j, 11j, and 15j did not cause microtubule depolymerization in cells, suggesting that they have a different mechanism of action.

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    ABSTRACT: Simple syntheses of the benzo-fused 26-membered macrocyclic bischalcone (19E,43E)-[,9.012,17.021,26.029,34.037,42]pentaconta-1(46),4(9),5,7,12(17),13,15,19,21,23,25,29,31,33,37,39,41,43,47,49-icosaene-18,45-dione (3) and the benzo-fused 13-membered macrocyclic chalcone (19E)-2.11-dioxatetracyclo[,9.012,17]pentacosa-1(25),4(9),5,7,12(17),13,15,19,21,23-decaen-18-one (5) using very common starting materials and reagents are described. The compounds are new and they have been characterized from their analytical and spectral data.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · International Scholarly Research Notices