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Do Parties Matter in Internationalised Policy Areas? The Impact of Political Parties on Environmental Policy Outputs in 18 OECD Countries, 1970–2000

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Abstract

This article analyses the extent to which national policies in the highly internationalised environmental sector are influenced by the policy preferences of political parties. The focus is on policy outputs rather than environmental performance as the central indicator of policy change. Based on a discussion of the relevant theoretical literature competing hypotheses are presented. For an empirical test, a dataset is used that includes information on the number of environmental policies adopted in 18 OECD countries at four points in time between 1970 and 2000. The results show that not only international integration, economic development and problem pressure, but also aspects of party politics, influence the number of policies adopted. The number of environmental measures increases if the governmental parties adopt more pro-environmentalist policy positions. This effect remains robust even when controlling for the institutional strength of governments, the left-right position of parties in government, the inclusion of an ecological or left-libertarian party inside the (coalition) government, and the presence of a portfolio that deals exclusively with environmental issues.
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Karteinummer: 9518940
Vorname: Christoph
Nachname: Knill
Geburtsdatum: 29.04.1965
Art des Werkes: Zeitschriften-Beitrag
Name der Zeitschrift: European Journal of Political Research
ISSN: 0304-4130
Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
Verlagsort: London
Erscheinungsjahr: 2010
Erschienen als: Druckfassung
1.Beitrag:
Titel des Beitrags: (16)Do Parties Matter in Internationalised Policy Areas? The
Impact of Political Par-ties on Enviro
Heftnummer: 3
Umfang in Normseiten: 56
Art der Beteiligung: Mit-Autor/in
Anzahl der Autoren: 3
Weitere Autoren: Marc Debus
Stephan Heichel
Seite 1 /
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... In ihrer vergleichenden Untersuchung von Umweltpolitik finden Holzinger et al. (2008) jedoch keine Evidenz für einen Parteien-Effekt. Andererseits zeigen Knill et al. (2010) in diesem Zusammenhang, dass nicht nur die allgemeine ideologische Ausrichtung einer Regierung oder die simple Präsenz einer grünen Partei im Kabinett von Bedeutung dafür ist, wie viele umweltschutzpolitische Maßnahmen in einem OECD-Land zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in Kraft sind. Vielmehr kommt es auch darauf an, wie wichtig das Thema Umweltschutz für die an der Regierung beteiligten Parteien ist (Bloise et al. 2022). ...
... Additionally, their findings contradict Schmidt's conclusions (1996) regarding the influence of administrative structure on policy outcomes. Both findings are supported by Knill et al. (2010). Their study on the output of environmental policy across 18 OECD countries did not find the left-right positioning of parties in governments nor the institutional strengths of governmental institutions to be relevant explanatory variables. ...
Thesis
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