Article

Attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and Internet addiction

Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (Impact Factor: 1.63). 10/2004; 58(5):487 - 494. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2004.01290.x

ABSTRACT

Abstract  The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between attention deficit-hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and Internet addiction. In total, 535 elementary school students (264 boys, 271 girls; mean age, 11.0 ± 1.0 years) were recruited. The presence or severity of Internet addiction was assessed by the Young's Internet Addiction test. Parents and teachers of the children completed the DuPaul's attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale (ARS; Korean version, K-ARS) and Child Behavior Checklists. Children with the highest and lowest quartiles in K-ARS scores were defined to be in ADHD and non-ADHD groups, respectively. Five children (0.9%) met criteria for a definite Internet addiction and 75 children (14.0%) met criteria for a probable Internet addiction. K-ARS scores had significant positive correlations with Young's Internet Addiction test scores. The Internet addiction group had higher total scores of K-ARS and ADHD-related subcategories in the Child Behavior Checklists than the non-addiction group. The ADHD group had higher Internet addiction scores compared with the non-ADHD group. Therefore, significant associations have been found between the level of ADHD symptoms and the severity of Internet addiction in children. In addition, current findings suggest that the presence of ADHD symptoms, both in inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity domains, may be one of the important risk factors for Internet addiction.

    • "Not only do symptoms of excessive internet use resemble other substance use disorder profiles, internet use is also potentially comorbid with a wide range of psychopathologies. Excessive internet use has been linked to major depression (Evren et al., 2014;Ha et al., 2006;Huang et al., 2009;Kim et al., 2006;Ko et al., 2009;Mythily et al., 2008;Wang et al., 2013;Yen et al., 2007;Yung et al., 2015), ADHD (Bernardi & Pallanti, 2009;Ha et al., 2006;Ko et al., 2009;Yen et al., 2007;Yoo et al., 2004), and social phobia (Bernardi & Pallanti, 2009;Ko et al., 2009;Yen et al., 2007;Yung et al., 2015). Dysthymia, hypomania (Bernardi & Pallanti, 2009) and substance use disorders (Bai et al., 2001;Shapira et al., 2000;Yung et al., 2015) have also been associated with excessive internet use. "
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    ABSTRACT: Excessive internet use has been linked to psychopathology. Therefore, understanding the genetic and environmental risks underpinning internet use and their relation to psychopathology is important. This study aims to explore the genetic and environmental etiology of internet use measures and their associations with internalizing disorders and substance use disorders. The sample included 2,059 monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) young adult twins from the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Study (BLTS). Younger participants reported more frequent internet use, while women were more likely to use the internet for interpersonal communication. Familial aggregation in 'frequency of internet use' was entirely explained by additive genetic factors accounting for 41% of the variance. Familial aggregation in 'frequency of use after 11 pm', 'using the internet to contact peers', and 'using the internet primarily to access social networking sites' was attributable to varying combinations of additive genetic and shared environmental factors. In terms of psychopathology, there were no significant associations between internet use measures and major depression (MD), but there were positive significant associations between 'frequency of internet use' and 'frequency of use after 11 pm' with social phobia (SP). 'Using the internet to contact peers' was positively associated with alcohol abuse, whereas 'using the internet to contact peers' and 'using the internet primarily to access social networking sites' were negatively associated with cannabis use disorders and nicotine symptoms. Individual differences in internet use can be attributable to varying degrees of genetic and environmental risks. Despite some significant associations of small effect, variation in internet use appears mostly unrelated to psychopathology.
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    • "According to the psychotherapist Cristiana Haica, " the rules are very different in the two worlds, and the increase in communication abilities and in relationship frequency in one of them makes the relationship in the other one become less significant. " This unilateral view on depression, loneliness and social anxiety, affirmed by (Yoo et al., 2004, Toma, 2010, Carr, 2010, Immordino-Yang et al., 2012) is counterbalanced by (Kittinger et al., 2012), who, in a recent study of college students, found that only a minority reported frequent or occasional problems due their online behavior. Also, even if the common assumption is that in SM users neglect the potential security dangers and threats and are excessively confident in the trust and truthfulness of the online available information, (Benson et al., 2015 and Bolton et al., 2013) founded in their studies that an overwhelming majority of SN users define the privacy settings on who can access their profile information, and pay a lot of attention on their posts and actions, not exposing themselves to hackers, viruses, spam and other attacks. "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to estimate what we know about Generation Y students’ behavior in Social Media (SM), especially in our country. The correct identification of their traits is crucial for the academic community, primarily from the perspective of understanding their real needs, as beneficiaries of teaching act, followed by a serious and consistent adaptation of our offer. In an extended literature review, we try to determine the reasons for SM use, their preferences for one medium or another, the way, place and time of SM use, and the Romanian particularities in the general personality portrait observed and explained by literature. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages of their intensive SM use, show how the time spent in SM affect the individuals and the universities, and try to find out what their needs and expectancies are. In our opinion, the problems treated here are of interest both for professors as individuals, and for the universities’ and faculties’ management – especially in a world in which the borderline between the physical and virtual life is becoming more and more difficult to draw.
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    • "Still, controlling for use of ADHD medications is important when investigating the sleep and ADHD relation, as it is one possible confounder. Similarly, use of electronic devices has been linked to both sleep problems (Hysing et al., 2015) and symptoms of ADHD (Black, Belsare, & Schlosser, 1999; De Sousa, 2011; Yoo et al., 2004) in childhood and adolescence. Such findings suggest that it is important to include use of electronic devices as a potential explanatory factor when studying the link between sleep problems and ADHD. "
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    ABSTRACT: Sleep problems and symptoms of ADHD are common in adolescence, but detailed epidemiological assessment of their association is lacking. Using data from a recent population-based study, 9,846 adolescents aged 16 to 19 provided detailed information on sleep and symptoms of ADHD. Results confirmed a large overlap between self-reported symptoms of ADHD and all sleep variables studied. Symptoms of ADHD were linked to shorter sleep duration, longer sleep latency, and nocturnal wake time, as well as larger sleep deficiency. ADHD symptoms also increased the odds of insomnia and delayed sleep phase syndrome. The associations were only partially explained by confounders (mainly depression). The findings suggest that sleep problems should be included as a treatment target in efforts to reduce symptoms of ADHD in adolescence.
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