Article

Why Research on Women Entrepreneurs Needs New Directions

Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University, Sweden
Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice (Impact Factor: 2.54). 08/2006; 30(5):595 - 621. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2006.00138.x

ABSTRACT

Research articles on women's entrepreneurship reveal, in spite of intentions to the contrary and in spite of inconclusive research results, a tendency to recreate the idea of women as being secondary to men and of women's businesses being of less significance or, at best, as being a complement. Based on a discourse analysis, this article discusses what research practices cause these results. It suggests new research directions that do not reproduce women's subordination but capture more and richer aspects of women's entrepreneurship.

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    • "Besides Suresh and Ramraj (2012) have also stated that individual characteristics are not enough in determining the entrepreneurial intention of an individual. Moreover, results of most of the studies remain inconclusive or contradictory (Ahl, 2006;Hmielski & Corbett, 2006), thus the use of a moderating variable (Baron & Kenny, 1986). Therefore, the present study proposes entrepreneurial orientation as a possible moderator of the relationship between entrepreneurial skill, environmental factors, and entrepreneurial intention. "
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    ABSTRACT: For decades, entrepreneurship has become a major concern to both scholars and policymakers because of its significant role in economic and social transformation. This paper modeled the direct effects of entrepreneurial skill, environmental factors and entrepreneurial orientation on entrepreneurial intention as well as the indirect (moderating) effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the relationship of entrepreneurial skill and environmental factors with entrepreneurial intention. Quantitative research design was employed using students’ sample. It was found that entrepreneurial skill, environmental factors and entrepreneurial orientation have a positive influence on entrepreneurial intention. It was also discovered that entrepreneurial orientation moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial skill and entrepreneurial intention. However, the moderation effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the relationship between environmental factors and entrepreneurial intention was not established in this study, thus, called for exploring this moderating effect in other contexts. As implication to policy, the government should ensure not only enriching students with entrepreneurial skill and conducive entrepreneurial environment but also well-built entrepreneurial orientation among Nigeria teeming youths as it has a direct effect as well as strong interaction with other factors in explaining entrepreneurial intention.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016
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    • "Similarly, the academic field of entrepreneurship is also anchored in the masculine model. The stereotype of the entrepreneur is a man, and it is an image that sometimes approaches mythical proportions of strength, fearlessness, and invincibility (Ahl 2006; Bruni et al. 2004; Ogbor 2000). To focus on women entrepreneurs in positions of leadership is to dig around in a field that is imbued with a double dose of masculinity. "
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    ABSTRACT: Entrepreneurial track is a source of innovation for women’s leadership (Bel, 2009). What about the women who have spent many years as the head of growth companies that they created or acquired? In order to measure up to what point these women defy the canon, we wanted to examine the managerial and strategic postures that they assume. We conducted interviews in 2012 with six women leaders of growth companies. We observed that these women’s leadership reveals not only strategically transgressive attitudes, but also a radical rupture with a system of thought that tends to define leadership as an institutionalizing dynamic. This challenging posture does not intend to create a new type of leadership, but it highlights a trend towards a more authentic, shared and distributed leadership. Moreover, this type of leadership contributes to the well-being of these women entrepreneurs and their teams at work.
    Full-text · Chapter · Jan 2016
    • "Second, only a small proportion of research is presently considering the socioeconomic context of female entrepreneurship and, in this sense, comparative works from different countries and regions are recommended (Ahl 2006). Cultural values and beliefs play a role in shaping the institutions of a country (Verheul, van Stel, and Thurik 2006). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study analyzes the interplay between gender differences and the social environment in the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. Data were obtained from two different European regions. The results show that the formation of entrepreneurial intentions is similar for men and women. At the same time, men consistently exhibit more favorable intentions than women do. Nevertheless, the perception of the social legitimation of entrepreneurship only serves to reinforce male entrepreneurial intentions, and not those of women. This holds for both regions and probably is a consequence of women feeling entrepreneurship to not be an acceptable career option for them. The implications of these results are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Small Business Management
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