Cytokeratin and laminin immunostaining in the diagnosis of cutaneous neuro-endocrine (Merkel cell) tumors
Histopathology (Impact Factor: 3.45). 04/2007; 10(11):1179 - 1190. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.1986.tb02558.x
Nine cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours have been immunostained with monoclonal antibodies to low molecular weight cytokeratin (CAM 5.2) and neurofilament. Polyclonal antisera to neurone-specific enolase, calcitonin and laminin were also used. All nine cases showed paranuclear, dot-like positive staining with CAM 5.2 and diffuse cytoplasmic staining for neurone-specific enolase. Neurofilament and calcitonin immunoreactivity could not be demonstrated. All tumours were negative for laminin immunoreactivity. The limitations of staining for neurone-specific enolase are discussed and the value of CAM 5.2 in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous neuro-endocrine tumours is emphasized. The histogenetic implications of the absence of laminin staining are considered.
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ABSTRACT: The clinical and pathological features of three unusual soft tissue tumors are presented. They occurred in the groin of elderly patients in the subcutaneous tissue. In Case 1, the inguino-crural tumor coexisted with a second mass in the pelvis. The tumors had a tendency to recur locally and to invade the regional lymph nodes. Metastatic dissemination of the disease resulted in the death of the patient in Case 3. Histologically, the tumors appeared composed of small round cells with scanty cytoplasms, arranged in diffuse, poorly cohesive or solid sheets. In places, a trabecular pattern was noted. Mitotic figures were numerous. Some cells exhibited argyrophil granules. The ultrastructural study revealed compact whorls of intermediate filaments and neurosecretory granules. All three cases displayed a paranuclear dot-like positive reaction with antibodies to cytokeratins and neurofilaments. A diffuse cytoplasmic immunostaining for neuron-specific enolase was present in Cases 1 and 2. Protein S-100, vimentin and leucocyte common antigen could not be demonstrated. All these characteristics, except for the subcutaneous location, are shared with neuroendocrine (Merkel cell) tumors of the skin.
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