Falls prevention for older people: vitamin D, calcium or both?

Asian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics 01/2012; 6(6):107-9.


Falls and fall-related fractures increase with age and affect skeletal and muscle health negatively. Insufficient vitamin D and calcium intake is a contributing factor to fall-related fractures in older people (aged ≥65 years). The use of vitamin D and calcium supplements by the general public has increased, especially among older people in nursing homes, under long-term care, or with prolonged hospitalisation. However, there is controversy regarding the actual clinical benefits of taking vitamin D with and without calcium. This article reviews the current evidence on the use of vitamin D supplements with and without calcium in older people, as a means of reducing falls and related fractures.

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Available from: Lawrence Leung