Preliminary study of ballistic impact on an industrial tank: Projectile velocity decay

ArticleinJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 21(6):627-634 · November 2008with9 Reads
Impact Factor: 1.41 · DOI: 10.1016/j.jlp.2008.06.006


    Since the events of September 11, 2001, the possibility of an intentional act targeting the chemical process industry has become realistic. It is, therefore, a great concern to be able to predict the immediate consequences of such an act. This study is intended to improve our knowledge about the sequence of events that occurs when a high-speed bullet (>1000 m s−1) penetrates a vessel filled with toxic liquid. We find that, prior to liquid ejection, several well-defined phases occur, including the phenomenon known as the “hydraulic ram.” This paper focuses on projectile–target interactions and explains how the decay of projectile velocity is related to the initial conditions of the target.