Association of Body Mass with Dietary Restraint and Disinhibition

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University
Appetite (Impact Factor: 2.69). 09/1995; 25(1):31-41. DOI: 10.1006/appe.1995.0039


The relationship of disinhibition and dietary restraint with body mass was studied in a sample of 293 women. Results suggested that higher body mass was associated with an interaction of disinhibition and dietary restraint. The association of disinhibition with higher body mass was moderated by increased dietary restraint. Symptoms of an eating disorder were more strongly associated with disinhibition than with dietary restraint. These results suggest that dieting may moderate the increased body mass associated with overeating. Psychological and eating problems associated with dietary restraint were found to be of less significance than those associated with disinhibition.

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    • "haviors occur more frequently in overweight / obese postmenopausal women . However , few women in both groups reported extreme compensatory behaviors . This may mean that older women use less extreme compensatory behaviors than younger women and prefer the eat - ing restraint to weight control . Previous studies ( e . g . , Lawson et al . , 1995 ; Williamson et al . , 1995 ) also found a significant positive association between restraint scores with BMI . According to our results , 5 . 7% of the normal - weight group and 94 . 3% of the overweight group reported a desire for a lower weight , and normal - weight postmenopausal women reported higher scores on the body satisfac - tion questionnaire compared t"
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to compare eating behaviors, body satisfaction, exercise, and life satisfaction between normal-weight and overweight postmenopausal women and to examine the predictors of disordered eating and life satisfaction among postmenopausal women (n = 294). The overweight group had more eating disordered behavior, more body dissatisfaction, and lower physical quality of life. The increase of age predicted less disordered eating. Higher BMI, the perception of an ideal weight lower than the current one, lower body satisfaction, and physical quality of life predicted disordered eating. Higher body satisfaction, less psychosocial discomfort, and a greater degree of sexual symptom discomfort predicted life satisfaction.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Women & Aging
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    • "This finding is surprising, given the number of previous studies that have shown disinhibition to be a significant predictor of resistance to weight loss and a faster BW regain (Bellisle et al., 2004; Butryn, Thomas, & Lowe, 2009; Hays et al., 2002; Hays & Roberts, 2008; McGuire, Jeffery, French, & Hannan, 2001; Provencher et al., 2003). Conversely, the significance of the interaction between change in CER score and change in disinhibition score demonstrated that disinhibition attenuates the beneficial effect of restraint on weight loss, which is in line with previous research (Hays et al., 2002; Lawson et al., 1995; Savage et al., 2009; Williamson et al., 1995). Of interest is the finding that the increase in restraint score was able to predict beneficial changes in anthropometric measurements with weight loss, while the reduction in estimated caloric intake was not. "
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    ABSTRACT: In modern societies characterized by food abundance, dietary restraint may serve as a factor in the successful control of weight or facilitation of weight loss. This secondary analysis of data examined whether changes in cognitive eating restraint (CER) and disinhibition predicted weight loss in a sample of 60 overweight/obese premenopausal women [mean±SD, age=35.9±5.8 y; weight=84.4±13.1 kg; body mass index (BMI)=31.0±4.3 kg/m2]. Changes in weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and body fat percentage (BF%) were examined in relation to changes in CER, disinhibition and hunger as measured by the Eating Inventory questionnaire at baseline and week 18 of an 18-week dietary intervention. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to identify predictors of weight loss and changes in other anthropometric variables from baseline to study completion. Increase in CER was found to be the most robust predictor of reduction in weight (P<0.0001), BMI (P<0.0001), waist circumference (P<0.001), hip circumference (P<0.0001) and BF% (P<0.0001). Effect of increase in CER on change in BMI, hip circumference and BF% was moderated by increase in disihibition (all P<0.05). Results suggest that strategies that target CER and disinhibition should be emphasized in programs proposed to treat and prevent obesity.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Appetite
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    • "However, we cannot establish a causal relationship, as it is only a correlation analysis. Previous conclusions about the correlation of TFEQ scores and their link with BMI (Bellisle et al., 2004; Westenhoefer, 1991; Williamson et al., 1995), suggested that restraint could have a beneficial influence on weight by moderating the increasing evolution of BMI induced by the disinhibition factor. However, other findings (Provencher et al., 2003; Westenhoefer et al., 1999) suggest that subjects with high rigid restraint scores (following permanent rigid diet control) positively associated with disinhibition could be more susceptible to gaining weight by a counteracting process and overeating episodes. "

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