Spectrophotometric and HPLC determination of secnidazole in pharmaceutical tablets
Simple and accurate spectrophotometric and HPLC methods were developed for the determination of secnidazole in tablets dosage form. The first spectrophotometric method depends on the reduction of secnidazole molecule with zinc dust and hydrochloric acid followed by condensation with either p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde or anisaldehyde to give colored chromogens having absorbance at 494 and 398 nm, respectively. The second method was based on the reaction of the drug with sodium nitroprusside in the presence or absence of hydroxylammonium hydrochloride. The formed colored chromogens were measured at 584 and 508 nm, respectively. The experimental conditions were optimized and Beer’s law was obeyed over the applicable concentration ranges. The application of HPLC procedures depended on using either a conventional or microbore reverse-phase (C18) column along with mobile phases consisting of water and methanol (30:70), at pH of 3.5. Both techniques were applied successfully for the analysis of secnidazole in tablets form. The results obtained from both procedures were statistically compared using the Student’s-t and F-variance ratio tests.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric method is proposed for determination of metronidazole and secnidazole. The method depends on the reduction of metronidazole and secnidazole molecule with zinc dust and hydrochloric acid flowed by diazotization and coupling with 8-quinolinol to give red colored chromogens easily measured spectrophotometrically which has lambda(max) = 500 nm. The experimental conditions were optimized and Berr's law was obeyed over the applicable concentration ranges both techniques were applied successfully to a wide variety of pharmaceutical preparations.0Comments 20Citations
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The degradation behaviour of secnidazole was investigated under different stress degradation (hydrolytic, oxidative, photolytic and thermal) conditions recommended by International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) using HPLC and LC-MS. A stability-indicating HPLC method was developed that could separate drug from degradation products formed under various conditions. Secnidazole was found to degrade significantly in alkaline conditions, oxidative stress, and also in the presence of light. Mild degradation of the drug occurred in acidic and neutral conditions. The drug was stable to dry heat. Resolution of drug and the degradation products formed under different stress studies were successfully achieved on a C-18 column utilizing water-methanol in the ratio of 85:15 and at the detection wavelength of 310 nm. The method was validated with respect to linearity, precision (including intermediate precision), accuracy, selectivity and specificity.0Comments 27Citations
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A simple sensitive and economical method for the determination of labetalol hydrochloride has been proposed, based on the reaction of labetalol with sodium nitroprusside and hydroxylamine hydrochloride in sodium dihydrogen phosphate-sodium hydroxide buffer solution of pH 12. The green-blue color produced due to the formation of a nitroso derivative has been measured at 695 nm. The Beer's range was obeyed in the concentration range of 2–51 µg·mL−1 with molar absorptivity of 0.48×104 L·mol−1·cm−1. Rigorous statistical analyses were performed for the validation of the method. A detailed investigation of the selectivity of the method has been done to find it to be highly selective for the determination of labetalol hydrochloride in the presence of its acidic degradation product and common excipients of formulations. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of labetalol hydrochloride in the laboratory prepared dosage forms. Comparison of the means of the proposed procedure with a reference method using point as well as interval hypotheses showed no statistically significant difference. The developed method was extended to investigate its applicability to biological samples.0Comments 2Citations