Seasonal Movements and Home Ranges of White-Tailed Deer in the Adirondacks
Movements of New York Adirondack Odocoileus virginianus from summer to winter range were associated with snow depths of c38 cm. Seasonal home-range size among sexes did not differ; females had a larger summer than winter range. With few exceptions, females and adult males used the same home range from year to year, with no range separation between sexes. Range fidelity to a specific area was less pronounced in winter. Most 11/2-21/2-year-old males made dispersal movements. Adult bucks showed a shift in their center of activity in autumn. Nine social groups of deer had different movement patterns and exhibited range fidelity and exclusiveness (between groups). Seasonal movements and home ranges of deer were influenced by timber harvesting. Individual summer home-range selection was influenced primarily by social factors, not habitat type. Management of winter habitat not being used by deer may be cost-ineffective unless fidelity to a specific range can be altered.-from Authors
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