Nonhealing ulcer of the left fifth finger

ArticleinArchives of dermatology 148(7):849-54 · July 2012with8 Reads
DOI: 10.1001/archderm.148.7.849-c · Source: PubMed
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the outcome and prognostic factors for patients with localized epithelioid sarcoma treated with conservative surgery and radiotherapy (RT). The medical records of 24 patients with nonmetastatic epithelioid sarcoma treated with conservative surgery and RT were reviewed. Preoperative RT was given to 3 patients (median 46.4 Gy) and postoperative RT to 21 patients (median 64.5 Gy). A local (limb-sparing) surgical procedure was performed in all patients. At a median follow-up of 131 months, 14 patients had relapsed and 13 patients had died. The actuarial overall and disease-free survival rate at 10 years was 50% and 37%, respectively. Local, nodal, and metastatic failure occurred in 7, 4, and 10 patients, respectively, yielding a 10-year actuarial local, nodal, and metastatic control rate of 63%, 81%, and 56%, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that size < or =5 cm and extremity location were favorable prognostic factors for overall, disease-free, and metastasis-free survival. The actuarial 5-year overall, disease-free, and metastasis-free survival rate was 79% vs. 25% (p = 0.002), 51% vs. 13% (p = 0.03), and 79% vs. 13% (p <0.001), respectively, for lesion size < or =5 vs. > 5 cm. The actuarial 5-year overall, disease-free, and metastasis-free survival rate was 77% vs. 39% (p = 0.002), 56% vs. 0% (p = 0.01), and 78% vs. 17% (p = 0.01), respectively, for extremity vs. nonextremity location. Multivariate analysis of the factors correlating with the overall, disease-free, and metastasis-free survival confirmed the favorable prognostic significance of small lesion size. The prognostic significance of extremity location on univariate analysis was explained by an imbalance in the mean tumor sizes. Epithelioid sarcoma is an aggressive soft-tissue sarcoma, with high rates of local and distant relapse. Local control with conservative surgery and RT compares favorably to published surgical series. The poor outcome for tumors > or =5 cm in size emphasizes the need for effective systemic therapy.
    Article · Oct 2001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current stratification of prognosis in patients with epithelioid sarcoma (ES) is based largely on data reported by individual centers with a limited number of patients. We sought to identify the important prognostic parameters using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. We identified 441 patients with ES in the database and extracted information regarding patient demographics and clinical characteristics. Kaplan-Meier, log-rank, and Cox regression were used for analysis. Disease-specific survival declined until 100 months after diagnosis after which survival was unrelated to epithelioid sarcoma. The overall incidence of ES during 2005 was 0.041 per 100,000. The reported incidence has increased since 1973, with an annual percentage change of 5.217%. On multivariate analysis, only age younger than 16 years, local stage of disease, or negative nodes and surgical resection of the tumor predicted better disease-specific survival. We observed no increase in survival by comparing decades of diagnosis since 1986. The SEER database shows only age younger than 16 years, negative nodes, or local stage of disease and operability of primary disease independently predict survival in patients with ES. Level of Evidence: Level II, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
    Article · Mar 2009
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify any clinical and pathologic features of treatment modalities that are predictive of outcome in patients with epithelioid sarcoma, a rare slow-growing soft tissue tumor most commonly occurring in the distal extremities of young adults. We reviewed the institutional files for cases of epithelioid sarcoma for the period 1956 to 1991 and analyzed the effect of various factors on survival. Fifty-five cases of epithelioid sarcoma were found, and the relevant clinical, pathologic, treatment, follow-up, and outcome features were assessed. All tumors were treated initially by operative resection. The recurrence rate progressively decreased with increasing aggressiveness of the initial operation; however, no difference was noted in metastatic rate. Overall, the recurrence rate was 38% and the metastatic rate was 47%. At the end of a mean follow-up of 102 months, 69% of patients had no evidence of disease, 27% had died of the disease, and 4% were alive with disease. Increasing tumor size, necrosis of more than 30%, and vascular invasion correlated significantly with a worse prognosis. Epithelioid sarcoma should be considered a malignant neoplasm with a significant potential for aggressive behavior, and close follow-up of affected patients should be maintained for many years. Initial treatment should be aggressive in an attempt to prevent recurrence.
    Article · Aug 1996
Show more