Catheter ablation of focal atrial tachycardia: The topographic distribution and long-term outcome

Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 03/2012; 40(3):231-6. DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-3758.2012.03.011
Source: PubMed


To explore the topographic distribution and long-term outcome of catheter ablation for focal atrial tachycardia (AT).
The data of 207 patients who underwent electrophysiologic study for AT were retrospectively analyzed.
A total of 200 AT were identified in 185 patients. The most common site for AT was ostium of the coronary sinus (23.8%), followed by crista terminalis (20.5%), perinodal area (20.0%), cava vena (17.8%), annulus (13.0%), and appendage (10.3%). Eighty percent AT originated from the right atrium, 17.8% originated from the left atrium. AT originated from the left atrium was more common in male than in female (25.0% vs. 13.3%, P = 0.042), while AT originated from the right atrium was more common in female than in male (69.4% vs. 86.7%, P = 0.004). Among the 185 patients, acute success ablation rate was 93.5% (n = 173). The acute success rate in the conventional mapping group was lower than that in the three-dimensional mapping group (79.3% vs. 96.5%, P < 0.01). During a median of 36 months follow up, the AT recurred in 20 patients (success ablation rate 88.4%). Success ablation rate was similar between the conventional mapping group and the three-dimensional mapping group (P > 0.05).
Focal AT commonly originates from ostium of coronary sinus, crystal terminalis, perinodal area, and cava veins. There is a gender related difference in the distribution of focal AT. The radiofrequency catheter ablation yields a satisfying success rate and very low complication rate and could be the first line choice for treating ATs in experienced electrophysiological center.

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    ABSTRACT: Atrial tachycardia and atrial flutter are common tachyarrhythmias in the heart failure population. They commonly lead to, exacerbate, and increase the morbidity and mortality associated with heart failure and, thereby, warrant urgent and early definitive therapy in the form of catheter ablation. Catheter ablation requires careful patient stabilization and extensive preprocedural planning, particularly with regards to anesthesia, strategy, catheter choice, mapping system, and fluid balance, to increase efficacy and limit adverse effects. Heart failure may limit the success of catheter ablation with higher reported recurrence rates, and in selected patients, a hybrid epicardial-endocardial ablation can be considered.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Heart Failure Clinics