Aspects pratiques de l'allergie à l'arachide: du diagnostic à la prévention
The prevalence of food allergy to peanuts has doubled over the last ten years. The prevalence of this allergy in the general population is 1.3 % in England and 0.4 % in the United States. In France, the prevalence of peanut allergy is unknown, however its frequency is clearly increasing. Peanut allergy is the commonest food allergy in children over the age of 3 years. Although the most frequent clinical presentation is atopic dermatitis, the symptoms are more severe than for other food allergies. The diagnosis must be based on standardized tests. The oral challenge test defines the reactogenic dose and the risk involved and represents the reference examination. Practical difficulties of diet and the severity of clinical manifestations may constitute an indication for specific immunotherapy, whose modalities have yet to be defined. Primary prévention is based on exclusion of peanuts during pregnancy and breastfeeding in families with a high risk of allergy.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.