Occurrence of Late Acquired Peri-Stent Contrast Staining Comparison Between Sirolimus-Eluting Stents and Everolimus-Eluting Stents

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Saitama, Japan.
International Heart Journal (Impact Factor: 1.07). 07/2012; 53(3):165-9.
Source: PubMed


Peri-stent contrast staining (PSS) is an abnormal angiographic finding following drug-eluting stent implantation which suggests the presence of a space outside the stent struts. PSS has been reported to be associated with very late stent thrombosis (VLST). The aims of this study were to compare the occurrence rate of late acquired PSS between sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation, and to identify clinical characteristics associated with PSS. The percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) database of our hospital was queried to identify patients meeting the following criteria: (i) patients who received SES or EES in de novo coronary artery lesions; and (ii) patients who had angiographic follow-up between 3 and 15 months after stent implantation. There were 221 patients with 249 lesions treated with SES, and 173 patients with 212 lesions treated with EES. The occurrence of PSS was evaluated and compared between SES and EES implantation on a patient and lesion basis. The occurrence rate of late acquired PSS with EES was lower than that with SES. (On a patient basis; 1.2% versus 4.5%, P = 0.045, on a lesion basis; 0.9% versus 4.0%, P = 0.043). Among the clinical characteristics, chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesions were associated with PSS. The occurrence of late acquired PSS in EES was lower than that in SES. In conclusion, the occurrence rate of late acquired PSS with EES was lower than that with SES, however, it remains to be determined whether this difference translates to the difference in the rate of VLST.

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