The Significance of Measuring Body Fat Percentage Determined by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for Detecting Subjects With Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine.
Circulation Journal (Impact Factor: 3.94). 07/2012; 76(10):2435-42. DOI: 10.1253/circj.CJ-12-0337
Source: PubMed


Body fat percentage (BF%) determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis is widely used at home and in medical check-ups. However, the clinical significance of measuring BF% has not been studied in detail.

Methods and results:
A cross-sectional study was carried out on a cohort of 10,774 middle-aged Japanese men who had undergone an annual check-up in 2008. Cut-off points were evaluated for body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and BF% for detecting participants with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia), and effectiveness compared for each marker's cut-off point. Additionally, the effects of smoking on cut-off points were evaluated. The cut-off points of BMI, WC, and BF% for detecting participants with 1 or more CVD risk factors were 22.7kg/m(2), 81.4cm, and 20.3%, respectively. The cut-off points of BF% for 1 or more CVD risk factors classified 3.43% more subjects into correct categories than those of BMI (P<0.001). The cut-off points of BMI, WC, and BF% for detecting individuals with 3 CVD risk factors in current smokers were 24.9kg/m(2), 87.8cm, and 23.7%, while those in non-smokers were 23.3kg/m(2), 83.9cm, and 22.3%, respectively.

BF% could be more effective in detecting individuals with early stage CVD risk accumulation than BMI. The cut-off points for current smokers were lower than those for non-smokers in all markers.

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    • "Park et al.23), reported that an increase in WHR was associated with high BP in Korean adults (2,327 men, 3,102 women) aged 20 years or older. Yamashita et al.24), reported that %BF could be more effective in detecting individuals with early stage CVD (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia) risk accumulation than BMI in 10,774 middle-aged Japanese men. "
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