Multiple Sites of the Cleavage of 21- and 25-Mer Encephalytogenic Oligopeptides Corresponding to Human Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) by Specific Anti-MBP Antibodies from Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, Lavrentiev Ave. 8, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
Peptides (Impact Factor: 2.62). 07/2012; 37(1):69-78. DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2012.07.003
Source: PubMed


In contrast to canonical proteases, myelin basic protein (MBP)-Sepharose-purified IgG from multiple sclerosis (MS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients efficiently hydrolyze only MBP, but not many other tested proteins. It was shown that anti-MBP SLE IgGs cleave nonspecific tri- and tetrapeptides with an extremely low efficiency and cannot efficiently hydrolyse longer oligopeptides corresponding to antigenic determinants (AGDs) of HIV-1 integrase. To identify all sites of IgG-mediated proteolysis corresponding to two AGDs of MBP, we have used a combination of reverse-phase chromatography (RPhC), MALDI spectrometry, and TLC to analyze the cleavage products of two (17- and 19-mer) encephalytogenic oligopeptides corresponding to these AGDs. Both oligopeptides contained several clustered major and minor sites of cleavage. The active sites of anti-MBP abzymes are localized on their light chains, while the heavy chains are responsible for the affinity of protein substrates. Interactions of intact globular proteins with both light and heavy chains of abzymes provide high specificity of MBP hydrolysis. The affinity of anti-MBP abzymes for intact MBP was ∼10(3)-fold higher than for the oligopeptides. The data suggest that both oligopeptides interact mainly with the light chain of different monoclonal abzymes of total pool of IgGs, which possesses lower affinity for substrates, and therefore, depending on the oligopeptide sequences, their hydrolysis may be less specific.

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