Comparison of Craniometric Features and Cranial Cavity Volume in Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa forma domestica) and Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in View of Development

Folia Biologica (Impact Factor: 0.88). 10/2005; 53(4). DOI: 10.3409/173491605775789489


BRUDNICKI W. 2005. Comparison of craniometric features and cranial cavity volume in domestic pig (Sus scrofa forma domestica) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) in view of development. Folia biol. (Kraków) 53 (Suppl.): 25-30. The research involved 130 boar and 104 domestic pig skulls. The skulls were divided into sex and age groups and craniometric measurements were determined for each; the cranial cavity volume was determined. In boars, in both age groups, a greater cranial cavity volume was noted as compared with that of the domestic pig. The cranial cavity volume is correlated mostly with the length of the neurocranium base. The morphological structure and craniometric features of skulls in different mammalian species is described in many papers in the literature. Most frequently these papers concern representatives of carnivores or rodent orders. Research into the de-velopment cycle of Micromammalia was initiated by DEHNEL (1949). WASILEWSKI (1956) investi-gated the volume of the cranial cavity in Microtus agrestis. The measurements and proportions of the skull depending on sex and origin in musk-rat were described by RUPRECHT (1974). EMPEL (1958) carried out observations of the cranial cavity vol-ume in rabbit, while ANDERSON and WILG (1984), BUCHALCZYK and RUPRECHT (1977), HUSON and PAGE (1980), REIG and RUPRECHT (1989) – into craniometric features in different carnivore species. In artiodactyla, craniometric features were de-scribed by MYSTKOWSKA (1966) in red deer, KOBRYÑCZUK and ROSKOSZ (1980) in European bison, KRASICKA (1988) in hybrids between Euro-pean bison and domestic cattle, and WUSTINGER et al. (2005) in roe deer.

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