Article

El indice de trastorno perceptivo y de pensamiento en el Rorschach: Estudio descriptivo en una muestra de paciente psicóticos agudo.

Servicio de Psiquiatría. Hospital General Universitario de Murcia
ABSTRACT
Desde la creación del Test de Rorschach hasta la actualidad se han utilizado diferentes índices para el diagnóstico de las Psicosis. Dentro de ellos se ha venido utilizando el Indice de Esquizofrenia (SCZI) dentro del Sistema Comprehensivo de Exner, con el que se trata de identificar pacientes psicóticos (dentro del espectro esquizofrénico) y diferenciarlos de otros trastornos psiquiátricos. Existen en la literatura reciente estudios que demuestran la fiabilidad, validez y eficacia diagnóstica del Indice de Esquizofrenia (SCZI) (Hilsenroth et al., 1998; Ilonen et al. 1999; Jorgensen et al., 2000), sin embargo otros trabajos, como el realizado en Cataluña por Vera Campo (1993)demuestra que pueden darse diferencias culturales resultando falsos positivos y negativos. El SCZI tiende, en el momento actual a no utilizarse ya que puede dar lugar a falsos positivos por lo que se ha creado uno nuevo, más conservador el Indice de Percepción y Pensamiento PTI.

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