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Key Evidence for the Accumulative Model of High Solar Influence on Global Temperature
5 Here we present three key pieces of empirical evidence for a solar origin of recent and pa-6 leoclimate global temperature change, caused by amplification of forcings over time by the 7 accumulation of heat in the ocean. Firstly, variations in global temperature at all time scales 8 are more correlated with the accumulated solar anomaly than with direct solar radiation. Sec-9 ondly, accumulated solar anomaly and sunspot count fits the global temperature from 1900, 10 including the rapid increase in temperature since 1950, and the flat temperature since the turn 11 of the century. The third, crucial piece of evidence is a 90 • shift in the phase of the response of 12 temperature to the 11 year solar cycle. These results, together with previous physical justifica-13 tions, show that the accumulation of solar anomaly is a viable explanation for climate change 14 without recourse to changes in heat-trapping greenhouse gasses.