Efficient study of time use should balance the level of detail required from the respondents (granularity of time units, the number of activities reported in each time unit, the level of detail in which each activity is described) and the burden respondents bear in answering the survey (the number of questions asked in the survey, the time it takes to complete the survey). Filling out a time diary can be a tedious and time-consuming chore, and the quality of data typically deteriorates as respondents progress through the time diary. To overcome some of these disadvantages, we utilize innovative sampled hours time-diary methodology, in which respondents list chronologically all activities they performed during six sampled hours of the previous day. Compared to other time-diary methods, the sampled hours time-diary method minimizes respondent burden. In addition, online administration enables us to provide respondents with memory recall assistance, such as a checklist of possible activities as well as a cumulative activity list for the day. Such memory cues cannot be provided in phone surveys and may be cumbersomely long in printed surveys administered by mail. We estimate the improved accuracy of this method of time use survey by randomly assigning each respondent an additional (seventh) hour. The effects of fatigue on survey response are estimated by comparing the answers of respondents that described a certain hour as an "early" hour (e.g. the 4th hour in the survey), and the answers of the respondents that described their activities during that same hour as a "late" one (e.g. the 5th hour in the survey). We use several different criteria according to which survey fatigue affects reporting, such as the number of activities reported during the hour, and the tendency to avoid reporting activities that call for follow-up questions. We find that the extent of respondents' survey fatigue at late stages in the survey, resulting in under-reporting of activities, is significant both statistically and substantively. These findings have implications with respect to the optimal design of time use surveys; the number of hours about which respondents are asked has to be very limited in order to maintain a reasonable level of accuracy in the responses. @ The Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society (SIQSS) is a multi-disciplinary independent research center at Stanford University devoted to the pursuit and sponsorship of high-quality empirical social science research about the nature of society and social change.