The prognostic value of MARCKS-like 1 in lymph node-negative breast cancer

Department of Pathology, Stavanger University Hospital, PO Box 8100, 4068 Stavanger, Norway.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (Impact Factor: 3.94). 07/2012; 135(2):381-90. DOI: 10.1007/s10549-012-2155-9
Source: PubMed


There is a need for new biomarkers to more correctly identify node-negative breast cancer patients with a good or bad prognosis. Myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate like-1 (MARCKSL1) is a membrane-bound protein that is associated with cell spreading, integrin activation and exocytosis. Three hundred and five operable T(1,2)N(0)M(0) lymph node-negative breast cancer patients (median follow-up time 121 months, range 10-178 months) were evaluated for MARCKSL1 expression by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR. The results were compared with classical prognosticators (age, tumor diameter, grade, estrogen receptor, and proliferation), using single (Kaplan-Meier) and multivariate survival analysis (Cox model). Forty-seven patients (15 %) developed distant metastases. With single and multivariate analysis of all features, MARCKSL1 protein expression was the strongest prognosticator (P < 0.001, HR = 5.1, 95 % CI = 2.7-9.8). Patients with high MARCKSL1 expression (n = 23) showed a 44 % survival versus 88 % in patients with low expression at 15-year follow-up. mRNA expression of MARCKSL1 in formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue was also prognostic (P = 0.002, HR = 3.6, 95 % CI = 1.5-8.3). However, the prognostic effect of high and low was opposite from the protein expression, i.e., low expression (relative expression ≤ 0.0264, n = 76) showed a 79 % survival versus 92 % in those with high expression of MARCKSL1 mRNA. Multivariate analysis of all features with distant metastases free survival as the end-point showed that the combination of MARCKSL1 protein and phosphohistone H3 (PPH3) has the strongest independent prognostic value. Patients with high expression (≥13) of PPH3 and high MARCKSL1 protein had 45 % survival versus 78 % survival for patients with low MARCKSL1 protein expression and high expression (≥13) of PPH3. In conclusion, MARCKSL1 has strong prognostic value in lymph node-negative breast cancer patients, especially in those with high proliferation.

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