Selective role of Mediator tail module in the transcription of highly regulated genes in yeast

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY, USA.
Transcription 05/2012; 3(3):110-4. DOI: 10.4161/trns.19840
Source: PubMed


The tail module subunits of Mediator complex are targets of activators both in yeast and metazoans. Here we discuss recent evidence from studies in yeast for tail module specificity for SAGA-dependent, TATA-containing genes including highly regulated stress response genes, and for independent recruitment and function of the tail module.

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Available from: Suraiya A Ansari, Jun 12, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: We have earlier demonstrated the involvement of Mediator subunit Srb5/Med18 in the termination of transcription for a subset of genes in yeast. Srb5/Med18 could affect termination either indirectly by modulating CTD-Ser2 phosphorylation near the 3' end of a gene or directly by physically interacting with the cleavage and polyadenylation factor (CPF) or cleavage factor 1 (CF1) complex and facilitating their recruitment to the terminator region. Here we show that the CTD-Ser2 phosphorylation pattern on Srb5/Med18-dependent genes remains unchanged in the absence of Srb5 in cells. Coimmunoprecipitation analysis revealed the physical interaction of Srb5/Med18 with the CF1 complex. No such interaction of Srb5/Med18 with the CPF complex, however, could be detected. The Srb5/Med18-CF1 interaction was not observed in the looping defective sua7-1 strain. Srb5/Med18 crosslinking to the 3' end of genes was also abolished in the sua7-1 strain. Chromosome conformation capture (CCC) analysis revealed that the looped architecture of Srb5/Med18-dependent genes was abrogated in srb5- cells. Furthermore, Srb5-dependent termination of transcription was compromised in the looping defective sua7-1 cells. The overall conclusion of these results is that gene looping plays a crucial role in Srb5/Med18 facilitated termination of transcription, and the looped gene architecture may have a general role in termination of transcription in budding yeast.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The multisubunit eukaryotic Mediator complex integrates diverse positive and negative gene regulatory signals and transmits them to the core transcription machinery. Mutations in individual subunits within the complex can lead to decreased or increased transcription of certain subsets of genes, which are highly specific to the mutated subunit. Recent studies suggest a role for Mediator in epigenetic silencing. Using white-opaque morphological switching in Candida albicans as a model, we have shown that Mediator is required for the stability of both the epigenetic silenced (white) and active (opaque) states of the bistable transcription circuit driven by the master regulator Wor1. Individual deletions of eight C. albicans Mediator subunits have shown that different Mediator subunits have dramatically diverse effects on the directionality, frequency, and environmental induction of epigenetic switching. Among the Mediator deletion mutants analyzed, only Med12 has a steady-state transcriptional effect on the components of the Wor1 circuit that clearly corresponds to its effect on switching. The MED16 and MED9 genes have been found to be among a small subset of genes that are required for the stability of both the white and opaque states. Deletion of the Med3 subunit completely destabilizes the opaque state, even though the Wor1 transcription circuit is intact and can be driven by ectopic expression of Wor1. The highly impaired ability of the med3 deletion mutant to mate, even when Wor1 expression is ectopically induced, reveals that the activation of the Wor1 circuit can be decoupled from the opaque state and one of its primary biological consequences.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Eukaryotic Cell
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    ABSTRACT: Mediator is a large, multisubunit complex that is required for essentially all mRNA transcription in eukaryotes. In spite of the importance of Mediator, the range of its targets and how it is recruited to these is not well understood. Previous work showed that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Mediator contributes to transcriptional activation by two distinct mechanisms, one depending on the tail module triad and favoring SAGA-regulated genes, and the second occurring independently of the tail module and favoring TFIID-regulated genes. Here, we use chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) to show that dependence on tail module subunits for Mediator recruitment and polymerase II (Pol II) association occurs preferentially at SAGA-regulated over TFIID-regulated genes on a genome-wide scale. We also show that recruitment of tail module subunits to active gene promoters continues genome-wide when Mediator integrity is compromised in med17 temperature-sensitive (ts) yeast, demonstrating the modular nature of the Mediator complex in vivo. In addition, our data indicate that promoters exhibiting strong and stable occupancy by Mediator have a wide range of activity and are enriched for targets of the Tup1-Cyc8 repressor complex. We also identify a number of strong Mediator occupancy peaks that overlap dubious open reading frames (ORFs) and are likely to include previously unrecognized upstream activator sequences.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Biology
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