Pediatric Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Sedation: A 2010 Nationwide Survey in Taiwan
Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Pediatrics & Neonatology
(Impact Factor: 1.23).
06/2012; 53(3):188-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2012.04.006
There is insufficient data on pediatric endoscopic sedation practices worldwide. This study aimed to assess nationwide data on the current pediatric endoscopic sedation practices in Taiwan.
Members of the Taiwan Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition in 2010 were asked to participate in an 18-item questionnaire survey regarding current sedation practices for diagnostic esophagogastric-duodenoscopy (EGD).
A total of 22 of 32 questionnaires were returned for a response rate of 68.8%. A majority (86.4%) of the respondents practiced in a medical center hospital setting, and 72.7% preferred sedation during EGD. The proportions of respondents applying sedative methods in cases aged < 1, 1∼12, and > 12 years old were 85.7%, 100%, and 23.7% respectively. Ketamine (27.8%) and midazolam with meperidine (22.2%) were the most commonly applied sedation agents, while the percentage of respondents using regimens that included propofol was 11.2%. Comparing complications between EGD with and without sedation, only hypoxia (Wilcoxon statistics=347.00, p=0.003) was significantly more common in sedated patients. The endoscopists' satisfaction rating was greater among respondents using sedation compared to those without (visual analog scale 9 vs. 7; p=0.0001).
A majority of pediatric EGD in Taiwan was performed under sedation and applied more often to younger children. Endoscopists were more satisfied during EGD when practicing sedation. This survey should help formulate updated practice guidelines and policies regarding endoscopic sedation.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "Availability of specific antagonists for these agents is the attractive point when using these medications. For these reasons, midazolam alone or midazolam/opioid combination is strongly preferred by gastroenterologists [27,28,29,30]. However, benzodiazepine/opioid combination has relatively long time to achieve adequate sedation, procedure, and recovery . "
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ABSTRACT: It is more difficult to achieve cooperation when conducting endoscopy in pediatric patients than adults. As a result, the sedation for a comfortable procedure is more important in pediatric patients. The sedation, however, often involves risks and side effects, and their prediction and prevention should be sought in advance. Physicians should familiarize themselves to the relevant guidelines in order to make appropriate decisions and actions regarding the preparation of the sedation, patient monitoring during endoscopy, patient recovery, and hospital discharge. Furthermore, they have to understand the characteristics of the pediatric patients and different types of endoscopy. The purpose of this article is to discuss the details of sedation in pediatric endoscopy.
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Available from: Barath Jagadisan
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ABSTRACT: Sedation practices for pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures (PGEP) vary based on infrastructure, availability of trained personnel, and local protocols. Data on prevalent sedation practices is lacking from India. This study aimed to survey the sedation practices for PGEP in India.
A mailing list was constituted with the e-mail addresses of the members of the Indian Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Indian Academy of Pediatrics, Association of Surgeons of India, Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons, and Indian Society of Gastroenterology. The web-based survey was sent by e-mail.
Of the 498 recipients, who responded through the survey link, 91 did not complete the survey. Among those who completed the survey, 91 performed PGEP. Among these 91, 12.1 % performed PGEP without sedation or general anesthesia. Anesthetist involvement was associated with use of propofol based-sedation. Of the respondents, 70.3 % found non-anesthetist administered propofol sedation unacceptable while 38.5 % of the centers had a policy against it. Two-thirds of the respondents were assisted by an anesthetist for most PGEP. An operating room (OR) was used for PGEPs by 23.1 %. PGEP in a non-teaching hospital, non-availability of pediatrician in the endoscopy room, use of an OR for PGEP, and the easy availability of an anesthetist were strongly associated with the involvement of an anesthetist.
The survey indicates a high frequency of involvement of anesthetists and use of OR. This survey should serve as an impetus to evaluate the cost of PGEP in India and the training accorded to non-anesthetists for procedural sedation.
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