Current Practices of Human Resource Management (HRM) in Thai Construction Industry: A Risk and Opportunity Perspective

Review of Integrative Business & Economics Research 07/2012; 1(1):1-14.


Construction industry accounts for a significant portion of world economic activities,
especially in emerging economies where infrastructure developments are much
needed. Construction industry is typically characterized as a labor-intensive and
low-tech sector. Meanwhile, it is also the sector consistently found the least
productive. Commonly cited reasons for such poor performance in this sector are
fragmentation, project-based culture, and temporary teams. These factors have
something in common; they pointed to the difficulty in managing human resources.
Therefore, one way to increase the performance of this sector is to leverage more on
human capital through the use of human resource management (HRM). In this paper,
we provide an overview of previous research on HRM, especially in construction
industry. We also investigate into the effect of HR policies and practices on three
critical success factors of a construction project: time, cost, and quality. To this end,
we develop a model comparing and contrasting the current HR practices (1) between
construction industry and other industries and (2) between companies in construction
sector and those in other sectors in Thailand. Finally, we provide the critical analysis
of the risks and opportunities of the current HRM practices adopted by Thai
construction companies in domestic and international markets.

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    ABSTRACT: ISBN: 978-978-938-173-9 The state of occupational safety and health (OSH) in Nigeria is poor, especially in the construction industry. Compliance with OSH regulations (OSHR) is one of the major factors for OSH improvement; regrettably, its level is low in Nigeria. Although studies on compliance with OSHR in developed countries abound, understanding the issues peculiar to the Nigerian construction industry as per compliance with OSH regulations is pertinent, as contextual issues can make the difference. As a result, this study, which contextualises Nigeria: examines compliance with OSHR in the Nigerian construction industry; unearths the key issues to compliance with OSHR in the industry; demonstrates the state of compliance with OSHR in the industry. Systematic review of available literature gathered through desk literature search and content analysis were done. It unearthed that key issues to compliance with OSHR in the Nigerian construction industry include: client’s influence, inadequate enforcement (which ranks highest), lack of adequate regulations and unemployment, which rank lowest. It concludes that in the absence of government’s involvement and adequate enforcement, stakeholders in the industry and management commitment can help compliance with OSHR proliferate. It also recommends that: OSH professionals should use the economic benefits of compliance with OSH to attract management commitment; contractors’ OSH records should be a prerequisite for tender selection.
    Full-text · Conference Paper · Mar 2014