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El inmigrante en la consulta de atención primaria The immigrant in primary care consultations

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Abstract

RESUMEN En las consultas de los centros de salud, el médico de familia, el pediatra y el personal de enfermería se han encontrado, sobre todo desde finales del s. XIX y en lo que va del s. XXI, con la realidad de tener que atender a una numerosa población compuesta de per-sonas desarraigadas de su comunidad, la mayoría de las veces sin familia cercana, con unas lenguas y cultu-ras diferentes, con un modo distinto de entender la salud y la enfermedad. Este artículo pretende ser una aproximación al análisis de este fenómeno y contribuir a que los profesionales sanitarios puedan entender y mejorar la atención al paciente inmigrante. ABSTRACT In consultations at health centres, the GP, the paediatrician and the nursing staff have faced, above all since the end of the XIX century and so far in the XXI century, the fact of having to attend to a numer-ous population formed of people uprooted from their community, without close relatives in the majority of cases, with different languages and cultures, and with a different way of understanding health and illness. This article analyses this phenomenon and aims to improve the understanding of health professionals and contribute to improving care for the immigrant patient.

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... La OMS define los determinantes de salud como "el conjunto de factores personales, sociales, económicos y ambientales que condicionan el estado de salud de los individuos o poblaciones". (56) Los indicadores de salud son parámetros estadísticos de carácter universal que permiten conocer el estado de salud de los individuos y de las comunidades de manera objetiva, a fin de poder llevar a cabo una planificación y gestión adecuadas de las políticas y programas de atención sanitaria. ...
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