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Abstract

This paper presents a newly developed framework for online publishing of scholarly text editions based on the recommendations of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI). At the core of our publishing framework is the idea of providing support for delivery of TEI-encoded documents in Drupal, a popular, fairly powerful, modular, and easy-to-use Content Management system (CMS). We present the TEICHI suite of modules for Drupal we developed as well as a prototype implementation. TEICHI consists of a collection of modules for displaying XML/TEI files online (via XSLT and CSS), interacting with them (via Java Script), as well as uploading and retrieving (search, download) them. To showcase the particular strengths and possible use cases of our framework, we compare our tool to other currently available systems. Here, we focus on those tools which are suitable for textual scholars new to Digital Humanities and the TEI, scholars who would like to use the powerful encoding mechanisms provided by the TEI but have relatively little technical expertise. Therefore, we compare the TEICHI framework specifically to the Versioning Machine (VM) and the Scalable Architecture for Digital Editions (SADE). We look at these tools from four perspectives: that of the user interacting with the digital edition or archive, of the editor encoding and publishing texts, of the administrator setting up the publishing tool, and of the programmer possibly modifying or enhancing the tool. Our more general aim here is to investigate, from the perspective of tool development in the area of online delivery of TEI-encoded documents, what could be called the “tools paradox”: there is evidence for textual scholars’ need of such tools, and a number of them are available; however, the existing tools are not widely adopted by scholars. Our findings suggest that tool development has to address two aims which seem to be mutually exclusive, that of “keeping it simple” and that of “going generic”. In fact, we suggest that tool developers need to find ways of turning these conflicting aims into concurrent aims if they want to build successful tools and broaden their user base.
... The Drupal content management framework provides a highly customizable interface for collaborative content authoring and publication. It is widely used in the digital humanities community: for example, in TEICHI (Pape, Schöch, and Wegner 2012), Saint Patrick's Confessio, 1 and in tutorials such as Drupal for Humanists. 2 There are over 20,000 modules available for various versions of Drupal that extend the functionality of a Drupal site; the Islandora project maintains a core Islandora module, and Islandora solution pack modules for both Drupal 6 and Drupal 7. ...
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Islandora is an open-source software framework developed since 2006 by the University of Prince Edward Island's Robertson Library. The Islandora framework is designed to ease the management of security and workflow for digital assets, and to help implementers create custom interfaces for display, search, and discovery. Turnkey options are provided via tools and modules ("solution packs") designed to support the work of a particular knowledge domain (such as chemistry), a particular content type (such as a digitized newspaper), or a particular task (such as TEI encoding). While it does not yet have native support for TEI, Islandora provides a promising basis on which digital humanities scholars could manage the creation, editing, validation, display, and comparison of TEI-encoded text. UPEI's IslandLives project, with its forthcoming solution pack, provides insight into how an Islandora version 6 installation can support OCR text extraction, automatic structural/semantic encoding of text, and web-based TEI editing and display functions for site administrators. This article introduces the Islandora framework and its suitability for TEI, describes the IslandLives approach in detail, and briefly discusses recent work and future directions for TEI work in Islandora. The authors hope that interested readers may help contribute to the expansion of TEI-related services and features available to be used with Islandora.
... La necesidad de herramientas que faciliten, a editores menos experimentados técnicamente, ofrecer en línea sus trabajos, es un asunto tratado recurrentemente en el ámbito de las Humanidades Digitales y del estándar TEI, en particular (Flanders y Hamlin: 2013). El módulo de TEICHI para Drupal se ofrece en este sentido como un framework para publicación de ediciones digitales que ayuda a superar las barreras entre un texto ya etiquetado y la publicación en línea (Pape et al.: 2012). ...
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This document is made possible in part by financial support from the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities, an independent federal agency; Directorate General XIII of the Commission of the European Communities; the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation; and the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Direct and indirect support has also been received from the University of Illinois at Chicago, the Oxford University Computing Service, the University of Arizona, the University of Oslo, Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.), and Ohio State University. We acknowledge assistance with software acquisition from the following firms: SEMA Group and Yard Software (for Mark-It and Write-It), Software Exoterica (for CheckMark and Xtran), SoftQuad, Inc., (for Author/Editor and RulesBuilder), Electronic Book Technology (for demonstration copies of DynaText), Xerox Corporation (for Ventura Publisher).
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