Ukraine today does not regulate the sale of products made of Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa Korth. (from the family Rubiaceae) and does not take measures to control the quality and safety of this product, despite its rapid spread throughout the country. Аim of the Work is to summarize the results of scientific research on the toxicity of alternative opioids contained in Mitragyna speciosa and combined products based on them. Material and methods. Reports from the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the results of scientific reviews and individual studies on biochemistry, toxicology, forensic identification of substances contained in products made from Mitragyna speciosa, over the past 10 years (Elsevier, PubMed, ToxNet). Results and Discussion. Recently, kratom has been cultivated on different continents and entered the market under the name "Kратом", in English-language sources - "Kratom". Kratom leaves are dried and sold in the form of green powder, tablets, capsules, extracts and gummies. In Ukraine, kratom is sold under hundreds of commercial names on the Internet as "Kratom", "Kratom product", "Kratom organic tea", "Kratom ethnic tea", "Kratom tea" and others. More than 40 structurally related alkaloids, as well as several flavonoids, terpenoid saponins, polyphenols and various glycosides were found in kratom leaves. The pharmacological and toxic effects of kratom for most of its components have not been studied enough. Like other dietary supplements, kratom products should be standardized for alkaloids, microbial contamination, pesticides, heavy metals, residual solvents, benzo(a)pyrene, aflatoxins, etc., with appropriate labeling requirements. Conclusions. Quality products should enter the Ukrainian market - standardized leaf extract of kratom, or other safe products made on its basis. However, recent studies show that mitraginine contained in kratom has great potential for medical science as a model for developing new approaches in very relevant areas of medicine: to treat pain and get rid of opioid dependence. Key Words: Mitragyna speciosa, alternative opioids, toxicity.