Anderson–Mott transition in arrays of a few dopant atoms in a silicon transistor

Laboratorio MDM, IMM-CNR, Via Olivetti 2, Agrate Brianza, Italy.
Nature Nanotechnology (Impact Factor: 34.05). 07/2012; 7(7):443-7. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2012.94
Source: PubMed


Dopant atoms are used to control the properties of semiconductors in most electronic devices. Recent advances such as single-ion implantation have allowed the precise positioning of single dopants in semiconductors as well as the fabrication of single-atom transistors, representing steps forward in the realization of quantum circuits. However, the interactions between dopant atoms have only been studied in systems containing large numbers of dopants, so it has not been possible to explore fundamental phenomena such as the Anderson-Mott transition between conduction by sequential tunnelling through isolated dopant atoms, and conduction through thermally activated impurity Hubbard bands. Here, we observe the Anderson-Mott transition at low temperatures in silicon transistors containing arrays of two, four or six arsenic dopant atoms that have been deterministically implanted along the channel of the device. The transition is induced by controlling the spacing between dopant atoms. Furthermore, at the critical density between tunnelling and band transport regimes, we are able to change the phase of the electron system from a frozen Wigner-like phase to a Fermi glass by increasing the temperature. Our results open up new approaches for the investigation of coherent transport, band engineering and strongly correlated systems in condensed-matter physics.

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    • "The possibilities opened by nanofabrication of semiconductor devices [5] [6] have been exploited by engineering the ability to control the position of impurity atoms at nanometric precision by a one-by-one method of implantation called single ion implantation (SII). Taking advantage of this method, developed in the last decade by three groups in the world [7] [8] [9], it has been possible to create chains of individually implanted ions in silicon [10], and to investigate the effects caused by their proximity and the residual disorder affecting their position and ground state energy distribution [11]. Therefore, the transition from a single particle behaviour to collective phenomena is directly observed. "
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    ABSTRACT: The integration of atomic physics with quantum device technology contributed to the exploration of the field of single electron nanoelectronics originally developed in single electron quantum dots. Here the basic concepts of single electron nanoelectronics, including key aspects of architectures, quantum transport in silicon devices, single electron transistors, few atom devices, single charge/spin dynamics, and the role of valleys and bands are reviewed. Future applications in fundamental physics and classical and quantum information technologies are discussed, by highlighting the critical aspects which currently impose limits to the most advanced developments at the 10-nm node.
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