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Barriere sociali e diritti delle persone disabili in materia sessuale

Authors:
  • Università degli Studi di Perugia e Università per Stranieri di Perugia
  • University of Perugia. Italy

Abstract

Il presente lavoro ha l’intento di illustrare la produzione scientifica nazionale ed internazionale sul tema dei diritti delle persone disabili, sulle fonti di legittimazione degli stessi e, in particolare, sui diritti connessi ai temi dell’affettività e della sessualità. La ricerca bibliografica, condotta sulle banche dati elettroniche ERIC (Education Resources Information Center) e CSA (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts), ha individuato 3.612 prodotti bibliografici, pertinenti con le parole chiave (keywords) combinate “sex*” e “disab*”. L’applicazione di alcuni criteri di esclusione – quali l’eliminazione dei duplicati, solo articoli a partire dall’anno 2000, solo articoli di riviste scientifiche internazionali, solo di lingua inglese, solo articoli con revisione dei pari (peer review) – ha consentito di ridurre il corpus dei prodotti a 575 lavori, tra i quali è stato possibile individuare alcune tematiche rilevanti: l’abuso, con i disabili come perpetratori (101) o come vittime (108); gli atteggiamenti verso la sessualità dei disabili (142); gli atteggiamenti di assistenti, educatori e familiari (20); l’educazione sessuale (144); l’identità di genere (46); l’HIV/AIDS e l’omosessualità (74); le relazioni affettive e di coppia (25); l’orientamento sessuale (33); la masturbazione (18); le misure psicologiche del comportamento sessuale (90); i modelli di disabilità (15); le relazioni familiari (58); la procreazione (14); i diritti (23); l’autostima (17); le malattie sessualmente trasmesse (55); la sterilizzazione (11); il supporto e l’assistenza (17); gli ausili tecnologici (2); i comportamenti e i trattamenti sostitutivi (surrogacy) (26). Ai fini della presente rassegna, sono stati presi in considerazione i 23 prodotti relativi al tema dei diritti , riservandoci di approfondire gli altri temi in studi futuri. Pertanto, alcune delle tematiche trattate nel presente studio e che concernono trasversalmente altri temi sopraindicati oltre quello del diritto, verranno sempre letti alla luce della prospettiva concernente i diritti dei disabili e della letteratura scientifica ad essa più direttamente collegata.
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