Physical Characteristics of the Indians of the North Pacific Coast

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... Boas' earliest work was supported by the Northwest Tribes Committee of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) and his collaboration with the BAAS continued until 1897. It resulted in several reports, which included publication of the individual data (Boas, 1891(Boas, , 1895a(Boas, , 1898Boas and Farrand, 1898). The Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) also briefly supported Boas's work in Oregon and Washington. ...
Franz Boas was responsible for obtaining anthropometric data from approximately 27,000 subjects living around the turn-of-the-century. The subjects are of Native American, Siberian and European ancestry. These data have been entered into databases and are available for research. This paper describes the circumstances under which these data were collected and discusses their research potential.
Race was an important topic to the physical anthropologists of 1918, but their views were not monolithic. Multiple perspectives on race are expressed in the first volume of the AJPA, which encompass biological determinism and assumptions about evolutionary processes underlying the race concept. Most importantly, many of the significant alternative approaches to the study of human variation were already expressed in 1918. This paper examines race from the different perspectives of three key contributions to the first volume of the AJPA: papers from Hrdlicka, Hooton, and Boas. The meaning of race derived from this work is then discussed. Despite new understandings gained through the neo-Darwinian synthesis and the growth of genetics, the fundamentals of the modern discussions of race were already planted in 1918.
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