Juvenile delinquency is a social phenomenon composed by adolescents under 18 years of age that commit felonies. Juvenile delinquents have a greater prevalence of the attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, compared to the adolescent population, which suggests that juvenile delinquents have a lower level of sustained attention. Sustained attention is the capacity to respond efficiently during a prolonged period, from minutes to hours, and its indicators are general stability, time on task and short-term stability. These indicators have not been analyzed in juvenile delinquents, thus, the objective of this study is to determine the level of each of these indicators of sustained attention in a group of juvenile delinquents. Two studies were conducted for this purpose, on the first study 58 adolescents were divided in two groups: a juvenile delinquent group (GJD) and a control group (GC) paired by age and with similar education level. Both groups responded a continuous performance task and showed differences only on two measures of short-term stability: the longest hit run (F [1,56] =5.19, p<0.05) and the median of the 5 longest hit runs (F [1,56]=5.31, p<0.05). On the second study, 50 adolescents were divided in 3 groups: the juvenile delinquent group (GDJ), control group 1 (GC1) that was paired with the GDJ by age and education and group 2 (GC2) that was paired with the GDJ by age but had a higher education level. There were no differences on any indicator when comparing the GDJ and the GC1. The GDJ compared to the GC2 had a lower level of general stability of correct responses (F[2,47]=10.86, p<0.001) and of reaction time (F[2,47]=2.22, p<0.01) and also a lower level on the 6 measures of short-term stability: the median hit run (F[2, 47]=8.35, p<0.001), the longest hit run (F[2,47]=11.27, p<0.001), the median of the 5 longest hit runs(F[2,47]=8.46, p<0.001), the median error run (F[2,47]=5.35, p<0.01), the longest error run (F[2,47]=10.67, p<0.001) and the median of the 5 longest error runs (F[2,47]=12.95, p<0.001). These results indicate that juvenile delinquents present a lower capacity to respond without errors, during a short period of time, and a greater variability in their capacity to respond correctly and in the velocity to do so, compared to a group of the same age but higher education. This lower level of sustained attention in juvenile delinquents could be part of the causes of their educational lag, which has been related with the insertion of adolescents in criminal groups.