Measuring mobbing experiences of academic nurses: Development of a mobbing scale

Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (Impact Factor: 1.02). 08/2008; 20(9):435 - 442. DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-7599.2008.00347.x


Purpose: The aims of this study were to develop a mobbing scale for academic nurses and to determine their mobbing experiences.
Data sources: Data were collected between January and June 2006 with a 60-item mobbing scale and a questionnaire composed of 6 questions concerning demographics and 10 questions regarding nurses’ opinions about mobbing.
Conclusions: For the Mobbing Scale for Academic Nurses, the content validity index was 88%, item-to-total correlations ranged from .41 to .73, Cronbach αwas .97, and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin measure of sampling adequacy was .72. Barlett’s test yielded quite significant results (χ2= 7905.47, p = .000). The scale was composed of eight subscales. One fifth of the academic nurses experienced mobbing, and there was evidence of mobbing at university nursing schools.
Implications for practice: The mobbing scale for academic nurses can be used to collect reliable and accurate data about mobbing experienced by academic nurses. If there is mobbing in nursing faculties and schools, appropriate precautions should be taken to protect people against mobbing, and a safe and comfortable atmosphere must be created in nursing faculties and schools.

Download full-text


Available from: Serap Sokmen, Feb 28, 2014
    • "There are very few organizations that can consider themselves bully-free.[12] It is also known that workplace bullying is particularly prevalent in the nursing setup.[506369] Accordingly, it is easy to guess that bullying occurs in many Iranian organizations, particularly within nursing sector. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Workplace bullying is a significant issue confronting the nursing profession both in Iran and internationally. This study examined workplace bullying among a group of Iranian nurses. Materials and Methods: The prevalence rate of bullying behavior among nurses was determined. Data were collected from 162 nurses who worked in four hospitals located in West Azerbaijan province, Iran. Results: Results showed that only 9% of nurses who participated in this study had frequently been exposed to bullying behavior, 22% had occasionally been bullied, and 69% had never been exposed to these behaviors during the last year. The most common type of workplace bullying experienced by nurses was verbal bullying. Forty percent of the nurses reported exposure to verbal bullying behavior frequently or occasionally. Conclusions: To be able to intervene with bullying behavior in the workplace, there is a need to pay greater attention to the problem by the entire range of managers, lawyers, industrial–organizational psychologists, counselors, social workers, and local authorities.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research
  • Source
    • "More than half of the health personnel in different countries has in the previous year experienced at least one incident of physical or psychological violence (23,24). Although, there is no national study investigating the prevalence of mobbing in the health sector in Turkey, there have been some local studies focusing on the limited number of female nurses, indicating that mobbing is an important issue (25-28). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the extent of Turkish junior male physicians' exposure to mobbing behavior and its correlation with physicians' characteristics. The study included physicians recruited for compulsory military service in April 2009. No sampling method was used, questionnaires were delivered to all physicians, and 278 of 292 (95%) questionnaires were returned. We used Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror including 45 items for data collection and structural equation model for data analysis. A total of 87.7% of physicians experienced mobbing behavior. Physicians who worked more than 40 hours a week, single physicians, physicians working in university hospitals and private hospitals, and physicians who did not have occupational commitment were more exposed to mobbing (P<0.05). Mobbing was not associated with specialty status, service period, age, and personality variables (P>0.05). All goodness-of- fit indices of the model were acceptable (χ(2)=1.449, normed fit index=0.955, Tucker Lewis index=0.980, comparative fit index=0.985, and root mean square error of approximation=0.040). Workplace mobbing is a critical problem for junior male physicians in Turkey. We suggest an introduction of a reporting system and education activities for physicians in high-risk groups.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · Croatian Medical Journal
  • Source
    • "In another study (Ozturk, et al, 2008) in Turkey, one-fifth of the academic nurses (including educators and health professionals) in the sample reported the presence of bullying in the workplace. Of those respondents reporting bullying, 61% reported taking no action to end the abuse. "

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Issues in Educational Research
Show more