A Mild and Versatile Method for Palladium‐Catalyzed Cross‐Coupling of Aryl Halides in Water and Surfactants
Various aqueous surfactants proved to be excellent media for carrying out palladium-catalyzed Suzuki−Miyaura cross-coupling reactions under mild conditions. The dehalogenation side reaction, which is usually a drawback with the aqueous protocol, was not observed. The concentration of the surfactant in water played a pivotal role for the reaction outcome. Smooth cross-coupling of iodoanisole and a variety of aryl bromides, including electron-rich derivatives, with aryl boronic acids occurred at room temperature in high yields either with [Pd(PPh3)4] or Pd/C as catalyst. The water-surfactant Pd/C system combines high activity under ambient conditions (air), easy separation and recyclability. Palladium acetate was found to be effective in cross-coupling of the less reactive aryl chlorides at 100 °C. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2003)
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