Effect of pre-emergent treatment of peas with TCA on the submicroscopic structure of the leaf surface
Department of Botany, OxfordNew Phytologist (Impact Factor: 7.67). 03/1959; 58(1):1 - 4. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1959.tb05328.x
Peas were sown in sand, which was treated with varying concentrations of trichloracetic acid. The behaviour of water droplets on the leaves of peas was observed, and it was found that the angle made by the droplet on the surface falls with increasing concentration of T.C.A. No changes in leaf structure, which could account for these changes in behaviour, were revealed by ordinary light microscopy. Investigation of the sub-microscopic anatomy of the surface by the carbon replica technique under the electron microscope did reveal significant differences in the leaf surfaces. A reduction in the number and a change in form of the minute wax structures occurs with an increased concentration of T.C.A. in the soil. These changes correlate well with an increase in the wettability of the leaf surface as determined by the contact angle of water droplets.
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Article: Plant waxes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The surface of plants is covered with a complex mixture of lipids, often in crystalline form, called plant waxes. The chemistry, biosynthesis, catabolism and function of plant waxes are reviewed. The most common components are hydrocarbons, wax esters, free fatty alcohols and acids. Ketones, secondary alcohols, diols, aldehydes, terpenes and flavones are also found. The major function of the wax appears to be protection of the organism from water loss and other hazards of the environment. The alkanes are formed from fatty acids either by elongation followed by decarboxylation or by head-to-head condensation between two biochemically dissimilar fatty acids followed by specific decarboxylation of one of them. Fatty acyl-CoA is reduced to the aldehyde which in turn is reduced to the alcohol. The alcohol is then esterified with acyl moieties from acyl-CoA or phospholipids. Plant waxes undergo very little catabolism in plants but animals can degrade them to a limited extent and microorganisms readily degrade them.