Cystic parathyroid adenoma within a multinodular goiter: A rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism

Journal of Clinical Ultrasound (Impact Factor: 0.69). 05/2008; 36(4):243 - 246. DOI: 10.1002/jcu.20437


Parathyroid cysts are uncommon lesions that do not have a specific sonographic appearance. We report a rare case of a functionally active cystic parathyroid adenoma as a cause of primary hyperparathyroidism and discuss the difficulties associated with the diagnosis. In this case, the association with a multinodular goiter made preoperative differentiation from thyroid cysts difficult. Demonstration of a high intact parathyroid hormone level in the aspirated cyst fluid was critical for the correct diagnosis. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2008

59 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Parathyroid cysts (PC) are a rare entity, representing only 0.5-1% of all parathyroid lesions and <1% of neck masses. Since its first description, in the second half of the 19th century, fewer than 300 cases have been reported. By reviewing the literature, it appears that the data available arose from surgical series, and the precise incidence of PC as detected by ultrasound (US) has not been described. The aim of this study was to review 5 yr of routine neck US, mainly performed for thyroid diseases, in order to estimate the prevalence of PC in a large series of patients. We reviewed our database of neck US investigations performed from 2003 to 2007: all data regarding patient's clinical history, US images, and fine needle aspiration cytology were retrospectively collected. Among 6621 patients submitted to neck US investigation, a PC (mean diameter 36.4+/-14.2 mm; range 25-61 mm) was diagnosed in 5 cases. Serum PTH levels were high in all the patients (221+/-140.7 pg/ml; range 111-456 pg/ml), whereas serum calcium levels only in 3 subjects (10.8+/-1.4 mg/dl; range 9.2-12.9 mg/ml). This is the first study evaluating the prevalence of PC in a large series of unselected patients by US. Our results demonstrate a much lower incidence (0.075%) of incidentally detected PC than previously reported.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Journal of endocrinological investigation
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma is an infrequent lesion which can be explained by abnormalities during embryonic migration of the parathyroid glands. Extracapsular hemorrhage from a intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma is extremely rare, however, due to its location near upper airway, it might cause a life-threatening situation. Therefore, if patients presented with anterior neck painful swelling, skin ecchymosis associated with dysphagia and/or hoarseness, extracapsular hemorrhage from parathyroid adenoma should be considered as a possible diagnosis. Estimation of serum calcium level is essential as the presence of hypercalcemia can help to make the diagnosis pre-operatively. As rupture of a parathyroid adenoma and cyst may lead to local dissemination of tumor cells and an increased risk of recurrent hyperparathyroidism, careful longterm follow-up is required. We report an unusual case of spontaneous rupture of intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma with a review of literature.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2010
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe the typical ultrasound features of cystic parathyroid adenoma. A review of a surgical database and electronic medical records from 2006 to 2009 identified the cases of 15 patients who underwent preoperative cervical sonography for primary hyperparathyroidism with subsequent resection of pathologically proven parathyroid adenoma with predominantly cystic components. Two radiologists retrospectively evaluated the preoperative ultrasound images and assessed for cyst complexity, size, location, and color Doppler vascularity. Technetium-99m-sestamibi SPECT findings, surgical and pathologic reports, and the results of parathyroid hormone assay of the cyst fluid also were reviewed. Most of the cystic adenomas (14/15, 93%) were deep or inferolateral to the adjacent thyroid. The same percentage were elongated and had peripheral nodular components. An echogenic border separating the adenoma from the overlying thyroid was identified in 9 of 15 patients (60%). Color Doppler examination of 14 patients showed feeding vessels with internal color flow to the solid components in 10 patients (71%). Six of 14 patients underwent preoperative or intraoperative sampling of cyst fluid, and the assay showed the parathyroid hormone levels ranged from 1,198 to greater than 5,000 pg/mL. Fourteen of 15 patients underwent preoperative sestamibi SPECT, and the adenoma was definitively localized in four patients (29%). The accuracy of preoperative localization improved to 79% (11/14) when sestamibi SPECT scans were interpreted in correlation with cervical ultrasound images. Awareness of typical sonographic features (location, color Doppler vascularity) may aid radiologists in preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas, even when cystic degeneration occurs. In cases in which imaging or clinical features are equivocal, the results of cyst fluid sampling and parathyroid hormone assay are confirmatory.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · American Journal of Roentgenology
Show more