Article

Retroperitoneal paraganglioma manifesting as paralytic ileus: A case report

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. .
Journal of Medical Case Reports 06/2012; 6(1):158. DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-6-158
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal neoplasms are rare and easily misdiagnosed. These tumors are often discovered incidentally during imaging studies performed for other reasons. Paragangliomas are tumors that arise from extra-adrenal medullary neural crest derivatives. They are usually located in the head and neck but can be found in various body sites, including the chest cavity, abdomen, pelvis and bladder. We report the case of a patient who had a retroperitoneal paraganglioma manifested as paralytic ileus, which is an unusual presentation of a paraganglioma.
A 63-year-old Taiwanese woman was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital with progressive abdominal fullness for two days. Her medical history included medically controlled hypertension for 10 years and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Plain abdominal radiography showed a solitary loop of the air-filled dilated small bowel. Abdominal computed tomography did not show a mechanical obstruction; however, a retroperitoneal mass was incidentally detected. Histological analysis of the mass led to a diagnosis of a paraganglioma.
In cases of patients with hypertension presenting with an intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a paraganglioma may be considered as a possible differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors to avoid risky therapeutic procedures or medication that may produce severe adverse effects.

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Available from: Wei-Chen Lin, Jan 06, 2016
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    • "Metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (MIBG scintigraphy) has often been used as an imaging modality in the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors, but it lacks sensitivity for extra-adrenal paragangliomas [1]. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice for extraadrenal paragangliomas as well as for recurrent or metastatic neoplasms [2]. Patient with metastatic disease will require adjuvant radiotherapy while chemotherapy is restricted to patients not accessible for surgery and resistant to radionuclide therapy [9]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Paragangliomas are tumors that arise from extraadrenal chromaffin cells and most of them are asymptomatic presenting with painless mass. Retroperitoneal paragangliomas are mostly benign with good prognosis; however, they can present with abdominal pain, palpable mass, or hypertensive episodes. Surgical resection is still the main treatment and necessary for histological assessment. Case report A 41 year old female patient presented with 6 months of loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness and breathlessness on exertion.. The patient’s initial blood examination showed marked anemia, reduced leukocyte count with neutropenia and lymphopenia and a marked reduction in the platelet count. The patient was admitted for evaluation of her pancytopenia. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 8 × 7 × 8 cm sized mass closed to the pancreatic tail invading splenic hilum. A large mass was identified retroperitoneally, closed to the tail of pancreas with a splenic hilum invasion. Total mass resection and splenectomy was performed. Discussion Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice for extra-adrenal paragangliomas as well as for recurrent or metastatic neoplasms. Reactive thrombocytosis is a common cause of thrombocytosis. Splenectomy was found to be one of the main causes of extreme reactive thrombocytosis. Reactive thrombocytosis is a predictable finding after splenectomy and management of the thrombocytosis and prevention of complications should be initiated.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
    • "Paragangliomas are tumors that originate from extra-adrenal medullary neural crest derivatives. Most of them are located in the head and neck, but can be found in various body sites, including the thoracic cavity, abdomen, pelvis, and bladder.[1] "
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    ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas are tumors that originate from extra-adrenal medullary neural crest derivatives. They are rarely located in retroperitoneal space. These tumors are often discovered incidentally during imaging studies performed for other reasons. Periampullary cancers include adenocarcinomas arising from the pancreas, ampulla of Vater, duodenum or distal common bile duct. The exact site of origin of periampullary tumors is often difficult to ascertain pre-operatively. We report the case of a patient who had a retroperitoneal non-functional paraganglioma, concurrent with periampullary adenocarcinoma. An 81-year-old woman was admitted with progressive abdominal fullness. There was an upper paramedian, left sided, large, palpable mass on the physical examination. Laboratory investigations showed an increase in liver enzyme levels. On abdominal computed tomography the patient found to have a large retroperitoneal mass and dilation in biliary tract, which was confirmed by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. She had a tumoral papi in Endoscopic Retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Which biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma. She underwent surgery for excision of abdominal mass and pancreaticoduodenectomy. And pathologic study showed paraganglioma. This is the first ever reported case of concurrent paraganglioma and periampullary adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Journal of research in medical sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare and relatively unknown complication of phaeochromocytoma÷ paraganglioma (PCC÷PGL). Its pathophysiology can be explained by the hypersecretion of catecholamines, which may reduce the peristaltic activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically, this can result in chronic constipation, intestinal pseudo-obstruction or even intestinal perforation. We conducted a comprehensive literature search and retrieved 34 cases of pseudo-obstruction caused by either benign or malignant PCC÷PGL. We also included a case from our centre that has not been described earlier. We conclude that intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of PCC÷PGL. Intravenous administration of phentolamine is the most frequently described treatment when surgical resection of the PCC÷PGL is not feasible.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · The Netherlands Journal of Medicine
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